Astronomical Papyri from Oxyrhynchus: (P. Oxy. 4133-4300a), Volume 1
American Philosophical Society, 1999 - Science - 839 pages
Presents 200 hitherto unpub. astronomical texts & horoscopes written in Greek on papyrus, which were excavated a century ago in the rubbish heaps of Oxyrhynchus, a district capital of Roman Egypt. Through these documents we obtain the first coherent picture of the range of astronomical activity, chiefly in the service of astrology, during the Roman Empire. The astronomy of this period turns out to have been much more varied than we previously thought, with Babylonian arithmetical methods of prediction coexisting with tables based on geometrical models of orbits. Editions of the texts are accomp. by facing translations & explanatory & philological commentaries. The intro. provides the first comprehensive treatment of astronomical papyri, explaining their contents & purpose, the underlying astronomical theories, & strategies for analyzing & dating them. Tables & graphs.
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according Alexandrian almanac appear approximately arcs astronomical Augustus Babylonian beginning bodies bottom broken calendar Cancer Capricorn century Choeac cm After A.D. codex column computed contain corresponding daily eclipse Edition Egyptian entries Epeiph ephemeris epoch epoch table example fibres fractional fragment front given gives Greek hand Handy Tables Hathyr horoscope hour intervals Jones July June Jupiter latitude longitude lost lunar margin Mars Mecheir Mercury Mesore month moon motion Neugebauer night Notes observation obtain Pachon Papyrologie papyrus Payni period Phamenoth Phaophi Pharm Pharmuthi phases planetary planets positions preceding preserved probably progress Ptolemy's Recomputation recto represented Roman ruling Saturn scheme sequence sides sign-entry Standard synodic System template third Thoth Tybi Venus visibility written zodiacal sign ια ιβ
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