German National Socialism and the Quest for Nuclear Power, 1939-49

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Cambridge University Press, 17 дек. 1992 г. - Всего страниц: 304
This is a paperback edition of Professor Walker's full-scale examination of the German efforts to harness the economic, military and political power of nuclear fission between 1939 and 1949. It argues that the German decision not to attempt the production of nuclear weapons during World War II came as a result of economic and political developments, not scientific or moral considerations, and was at the time a perfectly reasonable policy. Professor Walker also places nuclear fission research in the contexts of the war effort and German cultural imperialism, including the plunder and exploitation of "Greater Germany," the German slave labor economy, and the ambivalent interaction between the Nazi party and the German physicists.

The book begins at the height of the Empire, and carries the story through to the founding of the two postwar republics in order to emphasize continuity before and after the Third Reich, and to compare the scientists' activity during the war and after the shock of Hiroshima and the Nuremberg trials. Throughout, Professor Walker explains clearly, in terms that the non-specialist can understand, what was involved in the Germans' quest, and in what ways the German scientists succeeded or failed in the development of "the bomb."

 

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Содержание

Lightning war
13
The German nuclear power project
17
Moderators isotope separation and uranium machines
25
Nuclear power and lightning war
41
The war slows down
46
Nuclear power conferences
51
National Socialism and German physics
60
Progress and infighting
81
Hartecks circle centrifuges and special experiments
146
Uranium machines and rock cellars
150
The German achievement in the American shadow
153
Farm Hall
160
The Smyth Report
165
The legacy of German National Socialism
179
Nazification and denazification
192
The GoudsmitHeisenberg controversy
204

The war comes home
88
Uranium machines in BerlinGottow
94
Greater Germany and cultural imperialism
105
Death from above and betrayal from within
118
The war is lost
129
The heavy water dries up
137
The myth of the German atomic bomb
222
Conclusion
229
Notes
234
Bibliography
268
Index
284
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Mark Walker is an associate professor in molecular genetics.

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