Allen Dulles, the OSS, and Nazi War Criminals: The Dynamics of Selective Prosecution
This book examines the circumstances surrounding SS-Obergruppenführer Karl Wolff's escape from prosecution for war crimes in 1945. Wolff avoided prosecution because of his role in "Operation Sunrise," negotiations conducted by high-ranking American, Swiss, and British officials - in violation of the Casablanca agreements with the Soviet Union - for the surrender of German forces in Italy that enabled the Anglo-American forces to take Trieste. After 1945, Allied officials, amongst them Allen Dulles, in a move that later helped him ascend to the head of the CIA, shielded Wolff from prosecution to maintain secrecy about the negotiations "Operation Sunrise" thus relates to the early origins of the Cold War in Europe and had wide-ranging implications, even in the field of justice: New evidence suggests that the Western Allies not only failed to ensure cooperation between their respective national war crimes prosecution organizations, but in certain cases even obstructed justice by withholding evidence from the prosecution.
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afﬁdavits Agarossi and Smith Albert Kesselring Allen Dulles Americans antipartisan Army Group BA-MA Barr Papers Berlin Bern Bolzano British camp Caserta ceaseﬁre Chiefs of Staff command convicted correspondence court Crimes Group DCMLP defendant denaziﬁcation Der Spiegel difﬁcult Dollmann Dulles Papers evidence extradition Field Marshall ﬁght ﬁles ﬁnal ﬁnally ﬁrst Focardi Foreign Ofﬁce Fosse Ardeatine Gaevernitz German war criminals headquarters Himmler Hitler Husmann Ibid inﬂuence intelligence service interrogation investigation involved Italian Italy Jews July justice Kappler Karl Wolff Kesselring’s Krieg Lingen London Ludwigsburg military Munich NARA Nazi northern Italy Nuremberg Ofﬁce ofﬁcial Operation Sunrise partisans plans political postwar prison private papers prosecution Reich Richard Breitman Rome Rottiger Secret Surrender Sept Soviet Union speciﬁcally Sunrise negotiations surrender negotiations Swiss Switzerland Taylor Telford Taylor trial Trieste troops Vietinghoff Waibel war criminals Wehrmacht Western Allies Zeitung