Animation and America
The "cartoon"in the output of the all conquering Disney studio, the anarchic antics of Bugs Bunny and Daffy Duck in Looney Tunes, and the satiric vision of the Simpsons on television is synonymous with the United States, but the genre rarely is taken seriously. Nevertheless, cartoons are important artistic and cultural achievements, and are an essential ingredient in how America is viewed, both by itself and by others.
In Animation and America, Paul Wells looks afresh at this unique art, discussing the distinctiveness of the cartoon form, as well as myriad other types of animation production. Insisting upon the "modernity" of the genre, Wells examines its importance as a barometer of the social conditions in which it is made and which it reflects. This book is not a standard history of animation in America, but rather uses animation as a way of discussing social and political change. Wells concentrates on the ways in which the form continues to grow, experiment, and remain subversiveand, increasingly, gaining acclaim and recognition. Now in the vanguard of visual culture, animation occupies an important position in representing both the outcomes and impacts of new technologies, and it also has laid the foundations for a new understanding of social and artistic practice.
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achievement adult aesthetic agenda Aladdin American animation American culture Animated Cartoon animated film animated form Arguably argued art-form artists aspects audience avant garde avant-garde become Betty Boop challenge characterised characters Chuck Jones comic contemporary context create creative critical critique crucial defined discourse Disney films Disney London Disney studio Disney text Disney's effects embraced emotional engagement essentially example Faith Hubley feature figures Fleischer Flintstones foregrounds Framed Roger Rabbit Frank Tashlin gags graphic Hanna Barbera Hollywood ideological imperatives industrial inner-directed intrinsically Iwerks live-action McCay McCay's medium merely Mickey Mighty Mouse mode modern Modernist Mouse narrative naturalised notes orthodoxies other-directed paradigm perspective played political popular populist potential production progress radical recognised representation seemingly sense sensibility significant Simpsons social status style suggests synaesthetic technological television Termite Terrace Tex Avery tion Toy Story tradition tradition-directed ultimately underpinning visual vocabulary Walt Disney Warner Bros Woody and Buzz York