Artificial Life IV: Proceedings of the Fourth International Workshop on the Synthesis and Simulation of Living Systems

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Rodney Allen Brooks, Pattie Maes
MIT Press, 1994 - Computers - 444 pages
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July 6-8, 1994 the Massachusetts Institute of Technology

The field of artificial life has recently emerged through the interaction of research in biology, physics, parallel computing, artificial intelligence, and complex adaptive systems. The goal is to understand, through synthetic experiments, the organizational principles underlying the dynamics (usually the nonlinear dynamics) of living systems. This book brings together contributions to the Fourth Artificial Life Workshop, held at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology in the summer of 1994. Topics include: - Self-organization and emergent functionality. - Definitions of life. - Origin of life. - Self-reproduction. - Computer viruses. - Synthesis of "the living state." - Evolution and population genetics. - Coevolution and ecological dynamics. - Growth, development, and differentiation. - Organization and behavior of social and colonial organisms. - Animal behavior. - Global and local ecosystems and their intersections. - Autonomous agents (mobile robots and software agents). - Collective intelligence ("swarm" intelligence). - Theoretical biology. - Philosophical issues in A-life (from ontology to ethics). - Formalisms and tools for A-life research. - Guidelines and safeguards for the practice of A-life.

A Bradford Book

 

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Contents

Artificial Fishes with Autonomous Locomotion Perception Behavior
17
Altruism in the Evolution of Communication
40
Competition Coevolution and the Game of Tag
59
Spencer and Dewey on Life and Mind
80
Steps Towards CoEvolutionary Classification Neural Networks
102
SelfOrganisation in a System of Binary Strings
109
A Biologically Inspired Immune System for Computers
130
A Model of the Effects of Dispersal Distance on the Evolution
152
Simulating Natural Spacing Patterns of Insect Bristles Using a Network
295
Character Recognition Agents
301
The Building Behavior of Lattice Swarms
307
Modeling Adaptive SelfOrganization
313
Group Behaviors for Systems with Significant Dynamics
319
A Futures Market Simulation with NonRational Participants
325
Evolutionary Differentiation of Learning AbilitiesA Case Study
331
Experiments
337

Dynamics of SelfAssembling SystemsAnalogy with Chemical Kinetics
172
Different Approaches in Evolutionary
190
Evolving Sensors in Environments of Controlled Complexity
210
A Phase Transition in Random Boolean Networks
236
Bifurcation Structure in Diversity Dynamics
258
On Modelling Life
269
Learning and Evolution in
277
Evolving MultiCellular Artificial Life
283
Meshing of Engineering Domains by Meitotic Cell Division
289
Evolutionary Dynamics of Altruistic Behavior in Optional
343
Embryological Development on Silicon
365
Asynchrony Induces Stability in Cellular Automata Based Models
382
Our Hands in Their Brains?
400
Autonomy vs Environmental Dependency in Neural Knowledge
417
Artificial Culture
430
Explorations in the Emergence of Morphology and Locomotion Behavior
434
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About the author (1994)

Rodney A. Brooks is Fujitsu Professor of Computer Science and Engineering at MIT and director of the Artificial Intelligence Laboratory. He is also chairman and chief technological officer of iRobot Corporation. He is a founding fellow of the American Association for Artificial Intelligence (AAA) and a fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS). The author of several books and a contributor to many journals, he was one of the subjects of Errol Morris's 1997 documentary, "Fast, Cheap, and Out of Control. Brooks was born in Australia and now lives in suburban Boston.

Pattie Maes is an associate professor in MIT's Program in Media Arts and Sciences.

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