The demography of famines: an Indian historical perspective
Demographic considerations are central to an understanding of famine which is in turn essential for the formulation of an appropriate famine prevention policy. Arup Maharatna uses a wealth of historical material to develop a conceptual framework for examining the relationship between various demographic processes and famines in India during the colonial and post-colonial periods. To this end he examines the pattern of short- and long-term demographic responses to famine and their regional variations, the interaction between famine and epidemics, the age-sex composition of famine mortality and the role of relief policy. He attributes the declining severity and frequency of famines since the 1870s to the evolution of a liberal and effective relief policy, and the absence of any major famines in post-Independence India to the 'end of colonial rule'. The Demography of Famines will interest demographers, economists and sociologists as well as administrators and policy-makers.
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The Demography of Some Major Historical
The Demography of Lessermortality Historical
The Demography of the Bengal
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areas average daily number baseline level baseline period Bengal famine Berar Bihar births and deaths Bombay famine Bombay Presidency Census of India cent cholera compared correlation crisis crop cross-correlation death rates decline Dinajpur diseases district-level districts Dreze drought dysentery/diarrhoea Dyson effects endemicity epidemic estimates excess deaths excess mortality experienced Famine Inquiry Commission Famine Locations famine mortality famine period female fertility fever deaths fever mortality Figure food prices foodgrains Government gratuitous relief infants jowar Madras Maharashtra major famines malaria malaria epidemic malaria mortality Malda migration monsoon monthly months mortality increase mortality peak mortality rise number of deaths number of persons nutritional stress Orissa Oudh partly pattern persons on relief population post-famine period pre-famine prime famine proportional rise rainfall regional registered deaths relatively relief provision Report rise in deaths rise in mortality rural Smallpox stillbirth Table tion undivided Bengal United Provinces urban Bengal variation West Bengal young children