'Photos of the Gods': The Printed Image and Political Struggle in India
Mass-produced images have long been produced and used in India by religious and nationalist movements – the emergence of Indian-run chromolithograph presses in the late 1870s initiated a vast outpouring that have come to dominate many of India’s public and domestic spaces.
Drawing on years of archival research, interviews with artists and publishers, and the ethnographic study of their rural consumers, Christopher Pinney traces the intimate connections between the production and consumption of these images and the struggle against colonial rule. The detailed output of individual presses and artists is set against the intensification of the nationalist struggle, the constraints imposed by colonial state censorship, and fifty years of Indian independence. The reader is introduced to artists who trained within colonial art schools, others whose skills reflect their membership of traditional painting castes, and yet others who are self-taught former sign painters.
Photos of the Gods is the first comprehensive history of India’s popular visual culture. Combining anthropology, political and cultural history, and the study of aesthetic systems, and using many intriguing and unfamiliar images, the book shows that the current predicament of India cannot be understood without taking into account this complex, fascinating, and until now virtually unseen, visual history.
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The Possibility of a Visual History
Indian Images Under the Shadow of Colonialism
Staging Hinduism Lithographs and Popular Theatre in Calcutta 18701885
Peshwas Parrots and Bombs Lithnographs and Politics in Western India 18701885
Lithographs and the Camera in Bombay and Delhi 18901925
Pastoral Realism The Nathdvara Devotional Aesthetic 19251935
The Politics of Popular Images From Cow Protection to M K Gandhi 18901950
HalfSeen in Advance Picture Production in Independent India 19502000
What Pictures Want Now Rural Consumers of Images 19802000
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aesthetic archive artists B. G. Sharma Bengali Bhagat Singh Bhanwarlal Bhatisuda Bombay Bose Brahman British Calcutta Art Studio calendar image central century Chamar Chander Bhargava Chandra Shekhar Azad Chiplunkar Chitrashala Press chromolithograph cited colonial colour corpothetics cultural deities Delhi devotional earlier early European figure film framed Gandhi Ganesh Ghasiram goddess H. R. Raja Harnarayan Hindu Ibid illus images depicting Jain Joshi Kali Khubiram Kichaka Krishna Lakshmi landscape late lithographs London magical realism Marathi Mata Mathura modern Mother India Nana Phadnavis Narottam Narayan Sharma narrative Nathdvara nationalist Nehru painters painting Partha Peshwas Phalke Phalke's photographic political Poona popular portrait postcard Pratap produced published by S. S. Raja Ravi Varma Ramakrishna Ramdevji Ravana Ravi Varma Press religious representation S. S. Brijbasi Samvaliyaji Scheduled Caste seen Sharma Picture Publications Shiv Shivaji Shri Shrinathji Sita Sivakasi space Subhash Chandra Bose suggested temple Theatre Tilak village Vishnu visual Yogendra Rastogi