Earthly Paradises: Ancient Gardens in History and Archaeology
In this beautifully illustrated book, Maureen Carroll examines the most recent evidence of the existence of ancient gardens, the horticultural practices used to plant and maintain them, and the many forms and functions they assumed. Surveying the ancient Near East, Egypt, Greece, Italy, and the provinces of the Roman Empire from the second millennium B.C. to the middle of the first millennium A.D., Carroll finds that whether grown as sources of food, symbols of wealth and prestige, or dwellings for the gods, the cultivation of gardens played an integral role in both the public and private spheres of the ancient world. She concludes with a chapter on the survival of ancient gardening traditions in the Islamic and Byzantine worlds and the ways in which gardens have figured in these cultures' perceptions and depictions of paradise.
Culling evidence from a wide variety of archaeological, textual, and pictorial sources, and illustrated with delightful images from tomb and wall paintings, sculptural reliefs, manuscripts, and reconstructions, Carroll provides fascinating insights into the earthly paradises of antiquity.
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Ancient gardens and the evidence 8
Utilitarian and ornamental house gardens
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agricultural Alexandria Amarna ancient Egypt ancient gardens ancient world archaeological areas Ashurbanipal Assyrian Athens box hedges British Museum building built Byzantine Carroll-Spillecke 1989 Chapter Chedworth Roman villa Conimbriga courtyard garden cult cultivated date palms depicted drachmas Egyptian estates evidence for gardens excavated fertility fifth century Fishbourne Fishbourne Roman Palace flowers fountains fourth century bc fruit trees funerary garden fig garden planted Godden goddess Greek gymnasia Hadrian's villa Hatshepsut Hellenistic herbal Herculaneum irrigation Italy Jashemski King Kourion land Maureen Carroll medieval Meketre Mesopotamia Mirgissa monumental myrtle olive Oplontis ornamental paintings papyrus paradeisoi paradise peristyle peristyle garden Persian plane trees planting pits pleasure gardens Pliny plots pomegranate Pompeii pool pots remains replanted Roman garden Roman houses Roman period Roman villa Rome roots rows royal park sacred gardens sanctuary shrubs sources surrounded sycomore trees tamarisk temple garden Theophrastos third century utilitarian garden vegetation vines vineyards wall Yeroskipos