The Phonology of Welsh
This book is an up-to-date, comprehensive, and theoretically coherent account of the phonology of modern Welsh. It begins by describing the history of Welsh, its relation to the other Celtic languages and its phonetic inventory. Six chapters then explore the structures underlying its sound system. The first considers the phonetic background, including segment inventories and the characteristics of the main dialects. The second examines phonological structures including syllables, feet, phonotactics, and stress. The third and fourth analyse phonological alternations in the language, such as vowel mutation and assimilation, and foot-based phenomena such as the behaviour of /h/ and antepenultimate deletion. The fifth examines the phonological representation of initial consonant mutation, one of the best known and least understood characteristics of Celtic phonology in which the initial consonant of a word undergoes a systematic alternation with a consonant that is phonetically different. The concluding chapter summarizes the work's major points and arguments and highlights opportunities for research. S. J. Hannahs approaches the subject from the perspective of generative phonological theory. He couches specific analyses in the constraint-based framework of optimality theory but presents data in as theory-neutral a way as possible to ensure its accessibility to linguists of all theoretical persuasions.
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A SURVEY OF WELSH PHONETICS Phonetics and Segment Inventories
WELSH PHONOLOGICAL STRUCTURES Prosodic Structure and Phonology
PHONOLOGICAL PROCESSES Welsh Schwa Vowel Mutation Vowel Affection and Assimilation
FOOTBASED PHENOMENA Sonority Sequencing Welsh h and Antepenultimate Deletion
INITIAL CONSONANT MUTATION
REMAINING ISSUES AND FURTHER DIRECTIONS
alternation analysis aspirate mutation barred-i behaviour bimoraic binary bisyllabic Celtic Celtic languages Chapter clitics coda clusters compound constraint DEPIO diachronic dialects difference diphthong epenthesis example ﬁnal final syllable ﬁrst foot structure fricative FTBIN Fynes-Clinton 1913 gemination glottal Hannahs IDENT-IO vowel feature initial consonant mutation initial syllable involving irregular stress lexical items lexical stress long vowel markedness MAXIO medial metathesis modern language monophthongs monosyllabic words moraic morphological morphophonological Morris-Jones 1913 mutation context mutation form nasal mutation non-final northern Welsh Note obstruent occur onset output pattern extraction penultimate syllable phonetic phonological system phonology of Welsh place of articulation pobl pobol posibl proclitics prosodic structure provection radical consonant radical form radical-initial reﬂex schwa segments soft mutation soft mutation reflex sonority sequencing violation specific stressed syllable suffix syntactic tableau triggered trisyllabic voiceless nasals voiceless stops vowel affection vowel length vowel mutation Welsh phonology word-initial wordforms