The Englishwoman in Egypt: Letters from Cairo
Cambridge Scholars Publishing, 2009 - 116 pages
Book may have numerous typos, missing text, images, or index. Purchasers can download a free scanned copy of the original book (without typos) from the publisher. 1844. Excerpt: ... Letter XVI. March, 1843. Mr Dear Friend, I Doubt whether I shall be bold enough to attempt anything like a description of the present political state of this country; but I shall here offer you a sketch of its past history, from the period of its conquest by the Arabs, which, I hope, will interest. For this purpose, I shall draw freely from my brother's manuscript notes. In the 20th year of the Flight (a.d. 640-41), Egypt was conquered by the Arabs; and since that period, it has continued to be subject to Muslim rulers. It has been governed by Arab viceroys, and by Turkish independent princes; by Arab khaleefehs; by a dynasty of Kurds; by Turkish and by Circassian Sultans, who, in their youth, were Memlooks (or slaves): it has been annexed to the great Turkish empire, and governed by Turkish pashas, in conjunction with Memlooks; has become a prey to the Memlooks alone; been conquered by the French; wrested from them by the English, and restored to the Turks: it has been a scene of sanguinary contention between the Turks and Memlooks; and is now again solely under a Turkish ruler. Of these various revolutions I shall give a short account. During the space of nearly two centuries and a half the authority of the khaleefehs was maintained in Egypt by viceroys whom they appointed, and who were frequently changed. The first of these viceroys was 'Amr Ibn-el-'A's, the conqueror of the country. The history of their times, transmitted to us by Arab writers, contains, as far as it relates to Egypt, little that is worthy of mention. On the occasion of the overthrow of the dynasty of the Ummaweeyeh (or khaleefehs of the race of Umeiyeh), the seat of whose empire was Damascus, there ensued no change in the form of government to which Egypt had been subject; but the town of El-Askar was then fou...
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