Coastal Change, Ocean Conservation and Resilient Communities

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Marcha Johnson, Amanda Bayley
Springer, Nov 24, 2016 - Nature - 168 pages
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This collection of essays and design case studies explores a range of ideas and best practices for adapting to dynamic waterfront conditions while incorporating nature conservation in urbanized coastal areas. The editors have curated a selection of works contributed by leading practitioners in the fields of coastal science, community resilience, habitat restoration, sustainable landscape architecture and floodplain management. By highlighting ocean-friendly innovations and strategies being applied in coastal cities today, this book illustrates ways to cohabit with many other species who share the waterfront with us, feed in salt marshes, bury their eggs on sandy beaches, fly south over cities along the Atlantic Flyway, or attach themselves to an oyster reef. This book responds to the need for inventive, practical, and straightforward ways to weather a changing climate while being responsible shoreline stewards.

 

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Contents

1 Introduction
1
Mobility and Innovation in Traditional Coastal Cultures
7
3 Designing the Edge Editorial
15
Principles and Practices of Coastal Adaptation in the Era of Climate Change
23
Hunts Point the Brooklyn Greenway and the East Shore of Staten Island
41
Seahurst and Percival
56
Jamaica Bay Fringing Vegetation Restoring Upland Habitats at an Urban Shoreline
85
Establishing Ecological Trajectory and Design Solutions for the Ash Creek Estuary
103
Adaptations by Marine Organisms and Shoreline Substrates to Coastal Conditions Lessons for Planning Human Communities
115
Advancing Ecological Engineering Through Science Conceptual Design and Community Resilience Building
125
11 Protect the Ocean Protect Ourselves
155
Saving Coastal Ecosystems and Our Life Support System While We Save Our Waterfront Cities
162
Index
165
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About the author (2016)

Marcha Johnson, ASLA - Landscape Architect, Ecological Restorationist and Adjunct Professor
Marcha Johnson is a landscape architect for New York City Parks, focused on ecologically rich urban waterfronts. She has specialized in landscapes the interface of urban infrastructure with the ecosystems of estuaries, littoral zones and beaches. An adjunct professor in City College of New York’s Spitzer School of Architecture since 1991, she teaches courses in the landscape architecture and sustainability programs, including Sustainable Soil and Water. She has lectured a regional and international conferences on her work addressing the incorporation of floodplain functions in urban waterfronts, adaptation to sea level rise in the context of conserving living ecosystems of coastal cities and recognizing the ecological benefits of novel, spontaneous plant communities. She is currently working on a phytoremediation demonstration project on Randall’s Island in the East River, as a more sustainable alternative response to dealing with contaminated “historic urban fill” of urban waterfronts than off-site disposal in distant landfills. Marcha Johnson’s written contributions to this book are her own ideas and opinions, independent of policies of either the City of New York or City College of New York.
She holds a BS in Biology from U. of Illinois, a Masters of Landscape Architecture from Louisiana State U. and a PhD in City and Regional Planning from U. of Pennsylvania.
Amanda Bayley, ASLA – Landscape ArchitectAmanda Bayley is a licensed landscape architect with over 10 years of experience in the field. She is focused on creating designs that are inspired and founded upon a site's role within its natural environment. Her application of ecological principles in a design helps to facilitate ‘magical’ moments in nature -- creating spaces that have an emotional impact on the people who use them. She has worked at several landscape architecture and ecological design firms both private and public. She has a BA in Geography from Hunter College, New York, an MLA from The City College of New York, and a certificate in Sustainability Analytics from the Earth Institute at Columbia University. She recently founded Bayleywick Green, a landscape design firm dedicated to creating ecologically rich environments in the suburban landscape. www.bayleywickgreen.com