The Black Extended Family
University of Chicago Press, Feb 15, 1980 - Social Science - 129 pages
Misunderstood and stereotyped, the black family in America has been viewed by some as pathologically weak while others have acclaimed its resilience and strength. Those who have drawn these conflicting conclusions have gnerally focused on the nuclear family—husband, wife, and dependent children. But as Elmer and Joanne Martin point out in this revealing book, a unit of this kind often is not the center of black family life. What appear to be fatherless, broken homes in our cities may really be vital parts of strong and flexible extended families based hundreds of miles away—usually in a rural area.
Through their eight-year study of some thirty extended families, the Martins find that economic pressures, including federal tax and welfare laws, have begun to make the extended family's flexibility into a liability that threatens its future.
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The Extended Family How Is It Formed and What Does It Do?
The Dominant Family Figure
The Mutual Aid System
Absorption and Informal Adoption
Relations between Old and Young Child Raising
Sex Courtship and Marriage
Status and Power Relations between Lower and Middle Class
adults African aged blacks aged dominant Aged family members American babies become Betty Billingsley black community black consciousness movement black extended family black family child contribute culture death dependent family members dominant family figure dominant figure economic elderly expected extended family base extended family members extended family network family base household feel female Franklin Frazier Frazier Freedman's Bureau husband Ibid informal adoption interracial marriage Joyce Ladner Ladner Lillie living Louise lower-class male marriage married married couple middle-class family members Millie Roman Millie's Momma Mona mother Moynihan report mutual aid system Negro Family nuclear family parents pathology-disorganization perspective person poverty racism relatives Rivertown County role seldom sense of family sisters slavery social society status sub-dominant figure sub-extended families survival Tunney urban areas urban blacks urban extended family W. E. B. DuBois wife woman young youth