Cenozoic Plants and Climates of the Arctic
Michael C. Boulter, Helen Fisher
Springer Berlin Heidelberg, Dec 16, 1994 - Science - 401 pages
Fifty million years ago, the Arctic Ocean was a warm sea, bounded by lush vegetation of the warm-temperate shores of Scandinavia, Siberia, Alaska and the Northwest Territories. Wind and storms were rare because Atlantic weather systems had not developed but, as today, polar day length added a hostile element to this otherwise tranquil climate.
With the aid of scientists from all the countries close to the Arctic Circle, this book describes the palaeontology, the statistical analysis of vegetational features, comparisons with atmospheric, marine, and geological features and some of the first models of plant migration developed from newly constructed databases.
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The Atmosphere Tectonics and the Marine Realm
Comparisons with other Evidence
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Acer Alaska Alnus angiosperms Arctic Arcto-Tertiary Asia assemblages Axel Heiberg Island basin Boulter boundary broad-leaved Budants Budantsev Cenozoic Central Europe Chattian climatic change conifers continental cooling correlation cyst database deciduous deposits dinoflagellate dinoflagellate cysts distribution DSDP Early Eocene Early Tertiary eastern Eldholm elements environmental Eocene evergreen evidence Fagus floristic foraminifera Formation fossil fossil flora fossil plants genera Geol global Golovneva Greenland Heer high latitudes isotope Kazakhstan Knobloch Koryak Krassilov Kvaček Late Cretaceous Late Eocene leaf lower Maastrichtian marine MART Metasequoia Middle Eocene migration Miocene modern molluscs Neogene North America North Atlantic Northern Hemisphere occurred Ocean Oligocene Palaeoclim Palaeogene patterns planktonic platanoids Platanus Pliocene polar pollen Priabonian record regional geology River Rupelian Russian samples Sarmatian sediments Spicer Spitsbergen stage stomatal density stratigraphic taphoflora taxa temperature Tetraclinis thermophilous Trochodendroides Turonian Ulmus upper vegetation volcanic Walther warm warm-temperate western Kamchatka Wolfe J.A.