Technology and Culture in Greek and Roman Antiquity
The technological achievements of the Greeks and Romans continue to fascinate and excite admiration. But what was the place of technology in their cultures? Through five case-studies, this book sets ancient technical knowledge in its political, social and intellectual context. It explores the definition of the techne of medicine in classical Athens, the development of new military technology in Hellenistic times, the self-image of technicians through funerary art in the early Roman Empire, the resolution of boundary disputes in the early second century AD, and the status of architecture and architects in late antiquity. Deploying a wide range of evidence, it reconstructs a dialectic picture of ancient technology, where several ancient points of view are described and analyzed, and their interaction examined. Dr Cuomo argues for the centrality of technology to the ancient world-picture, and for its extraordinarily rich political, social, economic and religious significance.
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The Hellenistic military revolution
Death and the craftsman
Boundary disputes in the Roman Empire
Architects of late antiquity
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Aeneas Tacticus Agennius Urbicus Anthemius and Isidorus Apollodorus architects architectural arrow-shooters Athenaeus Athenaeus Mechanicus Biton boundary markers building Byllis carpenter’s catapult century BC Chaniotis Choricius of Gaza church condicionibus agrorum Construction of Catapults context controversiis agrorum Cyropaedia D’Ambra dating Daulis deceased Delphi Demetrius depicted Diodorus Dionysius Donderer emperor engines Eusebius Eutocius evidence example expertise experts fortifications funerary art Garlan generibus controversiarum Greek Hadrian historians Hyginus identified IG II2 imperial inscriptions instruments Isidorus of Miletus Justinian ktisis land disputes late ancient late antiquity libella Loeb translation Macedonian machines Marsden mentions military revolution mosaic Nigrinus non-torsion Onasander one’s Paulus Silentiarius perhaps Philo of Byzantium Plutarch Poliorketes Polybius Procopius profession references relief representations Roman Russo scenes second century Siculus Flaccus siege specific stele stone-throwers story surveyor symbolic techne technical knowledge technicians third century tomb torsion catapult translation with modifications treatises Victorinus Vitruvius Zimmer