A School Building Program for Gloucester, Mass

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U.S. Government Printing Office, 1920 - Gloucester (Mass.) - 16 pages
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Page 9 - B School — goes to the special activities, one-third to the auditorium, one-third to the playground, and one-third is divided among such activities as the shops, laboratories, drawing and music studios. At the end of one or two periods, that is, when the first group of children has remained, according to the judgment of the school authorities, in school seats as long as is good for them at. one time, the A School goes to the playground, auditorium, and other special facilities, while the B School...
Page 9 - A school is divided into two parts, each having the same number of classes, and each containing all the eight or nine grades. The first part, which we will call the "A School," comes to school in the morning, say, at 8.30, and goes to classroom for academic work.
Page 9 - But the important point about this reorganization is that all the children would have not only the same amount of time for reading, writing, arithmetic, geography, and history as formerly — 210 minutes — but also 50 minutes of play every day, 50 minutes a day of auditorium, and 50 minutes a day of...
Page 12 - TIME OF THE CHILD. As has been pointed out. one of the most undesirable elements in the life of city children is the street life in which they have hitherto spent so large a part of their time. The average city school is in session about 180 days in the year. This means that even though all the children attend the entire time, they would still be out of school 185 days in the year.
Page 3 - There is such a common tendency to identify "schools" with "education" that it is important to emphasize the fact that education has always consisted of work and study and play, and that children must not be deprived of any of these three elements in their education if they are to grow in health and strength and develop initiative, intelligence, and the ability to think for themselves. Fifty years ago...
Page 7 - The larger school with more children means that the community can afford to give the children a greater variety of facilities. For example, a school of 1,200 pupils can afford such facilities as an auditorium, shops, gymnasium, swimming pool, library, etc., whereas if the children were housed in two school buildings with separate sites, equipment, teaching force, janitorial service, and cost of upkeep, the total expense would obviously be far greater.
Page 12 - There is, of course, no reason why children should not be given credit for these out-ofschool activities if so desired. Again, a child who is backward in a special subject, such as arithmetic, and is being held back in a grade because he can not master that subject, can double up in arithmetic for a number of weeks by omitting the auditorium period until he has made up the work and is ready to go on with his grade. As for the special activities, each community and each section of the city can have...
Page 10 - For example, it is evident that our transportation system is made possible because of the fact that all people do not wish to ride at exactly the same time ; concerts and theaters are made available to many people because one person can use another's seat when he does not want to use it; hotels can accommodate thousands of people because they are not run on the principle of reserving each room for the exclusive use of a single Individual during the whole year.
Page 11 - Fortunately, however, if the principle of multiple use is applied to public school facilities, it is possible to provide not only adequate classroom accommodations but also auditoriums, gymnasiums, and shops for the mass of children. In fact, accommodations may be provided in all facilities, if they are in use constantly by alternating groups, at less cost than regular classrooms alone may be provided on the basis of a reserved seat for every child. For example, in a 48-class school, under the traditional...
Page 9 - ... every day in the week for a third of the year, science every day for a third of the year, and drawing or music every day for a third of the year. The following table gives a possible program for the A School.

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