Mimicking Nature's Fire: Restoring Fire-Prone Forests In The West
In Mimicking Nature's Fire, forest ecologists Stephen Arno and Carl Fiedler present practical solutions to the pervasive problem of deteriorating forest conditions in western North America.
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allow Arno aspen Banff National Park bark beetle basal area Bitterroot conifer crown fire dense develop Douglas-fir ecological ecosystem Fiedler fire exclusion fire management fire suppression forest management goals grand fir grasslands groves habitat harvesting herbaceous historical fire regime historical stand Idaho ignition killed land landowners landscape Lick Creek lightning fires lodgepole pine lodgepole pine forests logging Lubrecht ment mixed fire regime Montana National Forest National Park natural fire old trees overstory trees percent pine stands pinyon-juniper plants ponderosa pine ponderosa pine forests prescribed burning prescribed fire ranch range Ranger District reduce regeneration removed Research Station restoration forestry restoration projects restoration treatments saplings seedlings seeds Seeley Lake SEKI sequoia shade-tolerant shrubs silvicultural slash small trees soil species stand replacement fire structure thinning tion today’s U.S. Forest Service underburning understory fire regime uneven-aged USDA Forest Service vegetation western forests western larch white fir whitebark pine wilderness wildfire wildlife