Management, Work, and Welfare in Western Europe: A Historical and Contemporary Analysis
The authors first consider the history of European work and welfare practices, and then focus on trends in the post-war period. They discover that growing similarities in European work and welfare practice represent a gradual shift away from the ethos of collective to individual responsibility. The authors find that the oil recessions of the 1970s, the resurgence of the political right, the collapse of communism and the European Union's response to global forces have destabilized the post-war welfare regime. They also conclude that these forces have led to a gradual, though not irreversible, shift towards the 'contract' model of citizenship which prevails in the United States.
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The Historical Roots of Western European Management
Work and Welfare
The Political Economy of Europe in Capitalisms Golden
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