Conceptual Issues in Evolutionary Biology

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MIT Press, 1994 - Philosophy - 506 pages
2 Reviews
"This book has no competition whatsoever. There is no anthology which even attempts to cover this ground.... It will, I believe, become the standard text."
-- Richard Boyd, Cornell University There has been considerable and lively debate in philosophy of biology over the decade since the first edition of this anthology appeared. Changes and additions in the new edition reflect the ways in which the subject has broadened and deepened on several fronts; more than half of the chapters are new. In all, twenty-three selections take up fitness, function and teleology, adaptationism, units of selection, essentialism and population thinking, species, systematic philosophies, phylogenetic inference, reduction of Mendelian genetics to molecular biology, ethics and sociobiology, and cultural evolution and evolutionary epistemology.
 

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Contents

The Propensity Interpretation of Fitness
3
Functions
27
Functional Analysis
49
Optimization Theory in Evolution
91
Excerpts from Adaptation and Natural Selection
121
An Alternative to Individualism in Biology
143
Typological versus Population Thinking
157
A Matter of Individuality
193
Toward a Synthesis of Opposing
277
Contemporary Systematic Philosophies
295
The Logical Basis of Phylogenetic Analysis
333
The Detection of Phylogeny
363
Classical Mendelian Genetics
401
Moral Philosophy as Applied Science
421
Four Ways of Biologicizing Ethics
439
Episternology from an Evolutionary Point of View
453

A Case for Pluralism
217
The Continuing Search for Order
235
Phylogenetic Systematics
257
Models of Cultural Evolution
477
Acknowledgments
493
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