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according adapted Agra Ahmadābād Akbar's Arab Arabian arches architects artistic Asia base beautiful belong Bengal Bijāpūr brackets brick Buddhist building built called central centre century Champanīr characteristic construction court craft craftsmanship craftsmen decoration Delhi derived dome early Europe European evidence example fact fashions feet Fergusson follow foreign four Gaur give given Gujerat Hindu temple ideas important Indian architecture Indian art Indian builders influence interesting interior Islām Italy Jahān's Jāmi later List līwān lotus Mahall Masjid masons master-builders materials methods Mogul monuments mosque Muhammadan Muhammadan buildings Musulmān original PALACE period Persian pillars Plan PLATE practical present prototypes purely regarded religious remains roof Saracenic screen sculpture seen Shah Shah Jahān side similar sixteenth century square stone structural style supported symbolism Tāj Taj Mahall tomb tradition true usual walls Western whole
Page 152 - The Grape that can with Logic absolute The Two-and-Seventy jarring Sects confute : The subtle Alchemist that in a Trice Life's leaden Metal into Gold transmute.
Page 113 - ... in the plan, their arches intersect one another, and form a very considerable mass of masonry perfectly stable in itself; and, by its weight acting inwards, counteracting any thrust that can possibly be brought to bear upon it by the pressure of the dome. If the whole edifice thus balanced has any tendency to move, it is to fall inwards, which from its circular form is impossible; while the action of the weight of the pendentives being in the opposite direction to that of the dome, it acts like...
Page 162 - His Majesty plans splendid edifices, and dresses the work of his mind and heart in the garment of stone and clay. Thus mighty fortresses have been raised, which protect the timid, frighten the rebellious, and please the obedient. Delightful villas, and imposing towers have also been built. They afford excellent protection against cold and rain, provide for the comforts of the princesses of the Harem, and are conducive to that dignity which is so necessary for worldly power.
Page 19 - While bestowing their full meed of praise on the wonderfully rich ornamentation and other details of Arabian architecture, one cannot help feeling that the style fails to give entire aesthetic satisfaction. Want of symmetry of plan, poverty of articulation, insufficiency of plastic decoration, and an incongruous mingling of wood and stone are the imperfections which strike most northern critics. The architects, in fact, bestowed the whole of their attention on the decoration of surfaces ; and down...
Page 107 - OF the various forms which the Saracenic architecture assumed in India, that of Ahmedabad may probably be considered as the most elegant, as it certainly is the most characteristic of all. No other form is so essentially Indian, and no one tells its tale -with the same unmistakable distinctness.
Page 13 - Jaina, in every detail, only here and there an arch is inserted, not because it was wanted constructively, but because it was a symbol of the faith ; while in their tombs and palaces even this is generally wanting.
Page 11 - In this they have attained to a very high degree of art, so that our people (the Muslims), when they see them, wonder at them, and are unable to describe them, much less to construct anything like them.
Page 43 - It seems that the Afghan conquerors had a tolerably distinct idea that pointed arches were the true form for architectural openings ; but, being without science sufficient to construct them, they left the Hindu architects and builders whom they employed to follow their own devices as to the mode of carrying out the form.
Page 11 - There are here a thousand edifices as firm as the faith of the faithful; most of them of marble, besides innumerable temples; nor is it likely this city has attained its present condition but at the expense of many millions of dinars, nor should such another be constructed under a period of two centuries."7...