Elements of Physiological Psychology: A Treatise of the Activities and Nature of the Mind from the Physical and Experimental Point of View
"There can be no doubt that an important movement in psychology has arisen in recent times through the effort to approach the phenomena of mind from the experimental and physiological point of view. As a result of some years of study of the general subject, I express with considerable confidence the opinion that there is no ground for extravagant claims or expectations, and still less ground for any fear of consequences. In all cases of new and somewhat rankly growing scientific enterprises, it is much the better way to waive the discussion of actual or possible achievements, as well as of welcomed or dreaded revelations of new truth, and proceed at once to the business on hand. It is proposed in this book to follow this better way. It will be the task of the book itself to set forth the assured or alleged results of Physiological Psychology; and this will be done at every step with such degree of assurance as belongs to the evidence hitherto attainable upon the particular subject discussed. With declamation, either in attack or defense of the "old psychology," of the "introspective method," etc., one may dispense without serious loss. The method and arrangement of the book have been chosen so as to fit it for use, both as a text-book by special students of the subjects of which it treats, and also by the general reader who is interested in knowing what results have been reached by the more modern--and even the latest--psycho-physical researches"--Pref. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2005 APA, all rights reserved).
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activity amount animal aphasia Archiv f areas belong body brain called cells central organs centres cerebellum cerebral cortex cerebral hemispheres cerebrum changes color color-tones Comp complex condition connected consciousness constitution convolutions corpora quadrigemina corresponding cortical dependent disturbances effect electrical end-organs energy excitation experience fact feeling fibres frontal gray matter gyrus Hermann's Handb histology images impulses intensity kind lesions lobes localization matter medulla oblongata ment mental phenomena mind molecular molecules Moreover motion motor movements muscles nature nerve nerve-cells nerve-commotion nerve-fibres nervous elements nervous mechanism nervous system object observable occipital occipital lobe optic parietal lobe perception peripheral physical basis Physiol physiological posterior presentations of sense produce psychical psycho-physical Psychologie reflex region relations result retina sensations of sight sensory skin smell so-called specific spinal cord stimulus structure substance surface taste temperature theory tion tone vibrations vision visual Weber's law Wundt
Page 181 - It consists of three parts — the Vestibule, the Semicircular Canals, and the Cochlea.
Page 505 - What kind of an emotion of fear would be left if the feeling neither of quickened heart-beats nor of shallow breathing, neither of trembling lips nor of weakened limbs, neither of goose-flesh nor of visceral stirrings, were present, it is quite impossible for me to think.
Page 487 - ... the subjective concomitant of the normal amount of activity, not directly connected with life-serving function, in the peripheral end-organs of the cerebro-spinal nervous system.
Page 532 - ... into presentations of sense; it can show how the time-relations of the sensations and percepts in consciousness correspond to the objective relations in time of the stimulations. But for that spiritual activity which actually puts together in consciousness the sensations, it cannot even suggest the beginning of a physical explanation.
Page 397 - are of special interest. These experiments seem to show that we are more likely, when in doubt, to judge motion on the surface of the limbs to be up rather than down their axis ; on the breast, the shoulder-blades, and the back, the tendency is to judge motion to be toward the head. The discriminative sensibility of the skin for motion is much greater than that for separate touch, as determined by Weber's experiments. Thus, while at least a distance of 25 mm. between the dividers...
Page 534 - It is a fact of consciousness on which all possibility of connected experience and of recorded and cumulative human knowledge is dependent that certain phases or products of consciousness appear with a claim to stand for (to represent)* past experiences to which they are regarded as in some respect similar. It is this peculiar claim in consciousness which constitutes the essence of an act of memory ; it is this which makes the memory wholly inexplicable as a mere persistence or recurrence of similar...
Page 629 - The assumption that the mind is a real being, which can be acted upon by the brain, and which can act on the body through the brain, is the only one compatible with all the facts of experience.— George T.
Page 534 - ... memory wholly inexplicable as a mere persistence or recurrence of similar impressions. It is this which makes conscious memory a spiritual phenomenon, the explanation of which, as arising out of nervous processes and conditions, is not simply undiscovered in fact, but utterly incapable of approach by the imagination. When, then, we speak of a physical basis of memory, recognition must be made of the complete inability of science to suggest any physical process which can be conceived of as correlated...
Page 172 - RETINA tans externa; (9) the bacillary layer, or layer of rods and cones; (10) the pigmentepithelium layer. The membranes (Nos. (1) and (8) ) are not really uninterrupted layers, but an extremely fine network. By no means all the retinal substance is nervous. Indeed, the...
Page 505 - Can one fancy the state of rage and picture no ebullition of it in the chest, no flushing of the face, no dilatation of the nostrils, no clenching of the teeth, no impulse to vigorous action, but in their stead limp muscles, calm breathing, and a placid face?