Islam, Science, and the Challenge of History
"In this wide-ranging and masterly work, Ahmad Dallal examines the significance of scientific knowledge and situates the culture of science in relation to other cultural forces in Muslim societies. He traces the ways the realms of scientific knowledge and religious authority were delineated historically. For example, the emergence of new mathematical methods revealed that many mosques built in the early period of Islamic expansion were misaligned relative to the Ka'ba in Mecca; this misalignment was critical because Muslims must face Mecca during their five daily prayers. The realization of a discrepancy between tradition and science often led to demolition and rebuilding and, most important, to questioning whether scientific knowledge should take precedence over religious authority in a matter where their realms clearly overlapped"--Page 2 of cover.
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Abū al-‘ilm Al-‘Urḍī Al-Afghānī Al-Bīrūnī al-Dīn Al-Ghazālī Al-Ijī Al-Khafrī Al-Rāzī Al-Shīrāzī Al-Ṭūsī algebra Almagest Arabic Arabic astronomy Arabic science argues arguments Aristotelian Aristotelian natural Aristotle Aristotle’s assertions astrology Beirut Cairo classifications commentaries context creation critical critique Dār Darwinism debate disciplines discussions earth epicycle epistemological example geometrical George Saliba Greek ḥadīth heavenly bodies heavens historians Ibn al-Haytham Ibn Khaldūn Ibn Rushd Ibn Sīnā intellectual Islamic culture Islamic Medicine Islamic science Islamic scientific kalām Kitāb Marāghā mathematical astronomy medicine Medieval metaphysics modern science mosques motion Muḥammad Muslim societies Muslim world natural philosophy natural science observations observatory optics orbs physical planets practical principles problems proof Ptolemaic astronomy Ptolemaic models Ptolemy’s qibla Qur’ān Qur’ānic Ragep rational sciences reason religious scholars Ṣadr science and philosophy scientific activity scientific culture scientific knowledge scientific tradition scientists Thābit ibn Qurra theology theoretical University Press