Peace by Peaceful Means: Peace and Conflict, Development and Civilization

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SAGE, Apr 16, 1996 - Political Science - 292 pages
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Johan Galtung, one of the founders of modern peace studies, provides a wide-ranging panorama of the ideas, theories and assumptions on which the study of peace is based.

The book is organized in four parts, each examining the one of the four major theoretical approaches to peace. The first part covers peace theory, exploring the epistemological assumptions of peace. In Part Two conflict theory is examined with an exploration of nonviolent and creative handling of conflict. Developmental theory is discussed in Part Three, exploring structural violence, particularly in the economic field, together with a consideration of the ways of overcoming that violence. The fourth part is devoted to civilization theory. This involves an exploration of cultural violence focusing on the deeper aspects of cultures. Finally, the threads of these four approaches are drawn together with a focus on peace action - peace by peaceful means.

 

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Contents

Peace Theory
9
Some Basic Paradigms
24
Man Peace Violence?
40
Dictatorship Peace War?
49
Dissociative Associative Confederal Federal Unitary or a Lost Case?
60
Conflict Theory
70
2 Conflict LifeCycles
81
3 Conflict Transformations
89
3 The Externalities
154
4 Ten Theses on Eclectic Development Theory
177
An Approach Across Spaces
185
Civilization Theory
196
An Impressionistic Presentation
211
Peace War Conflict Development
223
Hitlerism Stalinism Reaganism
241
Are There Therapies for Pathological Cosmologies?
253

4 Conflict Interventions
103
5 Nonviolent Conflict Transformation
114
Development Theory
127
2 Six Economic Schools
139
Peace and Conflict Development and Civilization
265
Index
275
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About the author (1996)

Johan Galtung, dr hc mult, is Professor of Peace Studies at the University of Haiwaii, the University of Witten/Herdecke, the European Peace University and the University of Troms[o with a line through it]o. One of the founders of peace research, he established the International Peace Research Institute, Oslo (PRIO) in 1959 and the Journal of Peace Research in 1964. He has published over 50 books, including, Essays in Peace Research, Theories and Methods of Social Science Research, Human Rights in Another Key (1994) and Choose Peace (1995).

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