The League of the Aitolians
The Aitolians have had a bad press, regarded as pirates and brigands, and their state as a pirate state built on terrorist tactics. This book treats them as what they really were, a normal Hellenistic state. They constructed an original and successful polity which provided peace and prosperity for its inhabitants, and played a major part in Greek history for a century and a half. The approach is chronological, beginning with the origin and formation of the league and its early expansion, and then dealing with its long duel with Macedon, and concluding with its destruction by Rome. This is the first full account of the history of the league which approaches it as an independent state rather than as the enemy of other states and peoples. It complements the standard histories of the other Hellenistic states.
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A Pirate State?
The Beginning of the League Before 335
The First Phase 300278
The Second Phase 278260
A Generation of Peace 270245
The Challenge from Achaia 245239
The Social Problem and the Causes of the Fourth
The Fourth Macedonian War 199197
The Break with Rome 197192
1 The Seleukid Alliance 192191
2 Aitolia Alone 191189
The Roman Client 189167
The End of the League From 167
The Achievements of the League
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Achaian Achaian League Acheloos Aegean Aitol Aitolian army Aitolian forces Aitolian League Akarnanian Alexander Alexandros alliance allies Ambrakia Amphiktyonic Amphissa Amynandros Antigonos Antigonos Gonatas Antiochos Antipatros Aratos Assembly Athamania Athenian Athens attack Attalos Boiotia campaign capture cavalry Chalkis clear clearly commander Corinth Damokritos defeat Delphi Demetrios Diod Dorimachos doubt Elateia elected Elis enemy envoys Epeiros Euboia exiles fact fighting Flamininus garrison Glabrio Greece Greek Gulf Herakleia hieromnemones ians Illyria inscription invasion involved ISBN 90 join Kalydon Kassandros king Lamia land league's Lefevre Livy Lokris Lykiskos Macedon Macedonian mercenaries Messenia Nabis Naupaktos negotiations Nikandros numbers Oiniadai peace Peloponnese perhaps Perseus Phaineas Pharsalos Phigaleia Philip Phokian Phokis piracy Plut political Polybios Polyperchon presumably proxenos Pyrros raid Rome seems Senate sent siege Skopas soldiers Sparta strategos Stratos suggests Symmachy territory Thebes Thermopylai Thermos Thessalian Thessaly Thoas Timaios tion took treaty Trichonos troops Walbank