Durga's Mosque: Cosmology, Conversion and Community in Central Javanese Islam
"For two decades now, Stephen C. Headley has been one of the most original and systematic ethnographers of Javanese religion and cultural history. No one in contemporary Javanese ethnography has combed through the annals of nineteenth and twentieth century scholarship with as careful an eye for the variety of Javanese traditions. None combines this historical ethnography with as careful and unusual body of contemporary ethnography. Headley's new book brings these long-developed skills to bear on contemporary religious change in the Surakarta region of Central Java. In his analysis of the Durga ritual complex, Headley sheds light on one of the most unusual court traditions to have survived in an era of deepening Islamization. Headley's analysis of this ritual complex, and its implications for our understanding of popular Javanese religion, deserves to be read by all serious students of Java, as well as anyone interested in religion in Indonesia. However, Headley moves well beyond this unusual ritual complex, to take us through the twists and turns of religious culture and politics in what is one of the richest but also most troubled of cultural regions in Java. The result is a rich, multi-layered, and fascinating study, one that changes forever our understanding of Javanese tradition in a Java becoming Islamic." Robert Hefner, Institute on Religion and World Affairs, Boston University.
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Structure of this Study
The Praxis of Javanese Kindred
The Bed of Sri and the Realm of Sadana
Village Goddesses Their Hierarchy and Clientele
India and Java
The Spearing of Durgas Buffalo
l Invoking the Goddess Durga Worshipping Allah
The Javanization of Islamic Prayer The Islamization
COSMOLOGY CONVERSION AND COMMUNITY
Enclosing Cosmologies and Elective Citizenship
abdi dalem Abdul Jalal Allah ancestors apanage Arabic aristocrats bedhaya bekel Birth of Kala brother buffalo called Central Java centre Chapter cosmogony cosmology cosmos creation cult culture demon described dhalang Dipanagara divine donga Durga Dutch earth East Java elder exorcism foetus siblings forest genealogy goddess groups Haji Headley hierarchy hyang Indian individual Indonesia invocations Islam Jakarta Java War Javanese Muslims Javanese society jihad Kaliasa king kingdom kinship Koran Krendawahana Kyai land Lara Kidul lineages maesa lawung Mangkunagaran Mangkunagaran Palace Manikmaya mantra marriage Mataram mosque Muslim myth Nahdlatul Ulama nineteenth century offerings one's Paku Buwana Pancasila Pangeran peasant pesantren Pigeaud political prayer protect puppet purification Raden religion religious rice fields ritual royal rural Sadana salat Sanskrit Serat siblingship slametan social Soeharto Solo spirits Sultan Surakarta Suranata Susuhunan traditional trah translation twentieth century Ulama umat umma values village wayang worship Yogyakarta
Page 19 - ... a pervasive dimension of human discourse that exploits difference to generate diverse conceptions of group identity.
Page 31 - The Europeans destroyed imperial Islam, undermined the authority of native rulers, and unwittingly reinvigorated popular Islam. This new, societally based Islam was different, of course, from the rajacentric traditions of the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries. European control of the state led Muslim leaders to develop a cautious and critical attitude toward government, and forced them to rely on their own resources to develop their institutions.