The American Fruit Book: Containing Directions for Raising, Propagating, and Managing Fruit Trees, Shrubs, and Plants; with a Description of the Best Varieties of Fruit, Including New and Valuable Kinds; Embellished and Illustrated with Numerous Engravings of Fruits, Trees, Insects, Grafting, Budding, Training, Etc

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J.P. Jewett, 1849 - Fruit - 288 pages
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The author ran a nursery in Chelsea, Massachusetts and was the owner and editor of the Yankee Farmer. It contains a great number of engravings of fruit, trees, insects and methods of grafting, budding and training. He describes many varieties of apples, peaches, pears, plums, cherries, grapes, small fruits, etc., with a brief description of wine making.

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Page xvii - This mode is often practised on small stocks, and it succeeds best when the scion and stock are of an equal size. The scion, which should consist of young wood of the former year's growth, may be cut to the length of about four inches. This and the stock are each to be cut sloping for an inch or more, and tongued. Tonguing consists in cutting a slit in the middle of the slope of the stock downward...
Page 39 - Large, to very large ; flattish-conical ; ribbed ; bright yellow, seldom a brown cheek, stem short, in a deep cavity ; calyx large, in a deep basin ; flesh when first ripe, firm, juicy, pleasant acid, and first-rate for cooking. When very mellow, remarkably tender, of a mild, rich, high quince flavor and aroma. When in perfection we have never seen its superior. July to Sept. Cooking early in July. A good grower. Good and constant bearer. Requires a strong soil. Flourishes m the North ; disseminated...
Page 89 - Large; flattish-round ; suture mostly round it ; white, nearly covered with bright red ; flesh white. tinged with red at the stone; very juicy, of a rich, sweet, slightly vinous flavor. Hardy. Has produced its like from seed for 20 years. Freestone. Sept. 1 to 15. We consider this a valuable acquisition to our seedling list. Origin, Dedham, Ms. 26. YELLOW RARERIPE.
Page 127 - Cultivators are aware that plants produce their fruit on pistillate flowers, and that the pollen of the staminate is necessary to fertilize them. "To Longworth belongs the honor of first publishing to the world this anomalous condition of the strawberry, and the mode of turning it to good account ; and his system is now almost universally adopted. There will be living monuments to his memory while the rains fall, the sun shines, and science, equally genial, beams on the human mind/' — American...
Page 65 - Winesap, Yellow Newtown Pippin. KIRTLAND AND ELLIOTT recommend the following varieties — SUMMER. For the Garden — Summer Rose, Early Harvest, Red Astrachan, American Summer Pearmain, Early Joe, Lowell. For Market — White Juneating, Red Astrachan, Early Harvest, Williams, Red Quarrenden, Lowell.
Page 65 - ... Another improvement is by re-rooting, (page 47,) which not only adds to the growth of the pear, but to its longevity. There are disadvantages in having the pear on the quince, unless re-rooting is effected, as the quince is short-lived, which of course brings the pear on it to an early termination. A few years ago it was thought that the pear on the quince would last only 7 or 8 years, but in many cases they continue flourishing and productive for 20 years. For general orchard culture, and permanent...
Page 65 - Quarrenden, Lowell. FALL. For the Garden — Gravenstein, Fall Pippin, Fall Strawberry, Pomme Royale, Porter, Jersey Sweeting, Fameuse, Fall Harvey, Maiden's Blush, Rambo, Fall Seek-no-further, Fall Wine. For Market, we prefer these to showy inferior fruits. WINTER. For the Garden — Belmont, Swaar, Old Nonsuch. Hubbardston Nonsuch, Jonathan, Peck's Pleasant, Rhode Island Greening, Putnam's Russet, (Koxbury Russet, ED.,) Westfield Seek- no-further, Wine, Danvers Winter Sweeting, Wood's Greening,...
Page 89 - Large ; roundish, suture round the fruit ; white, with a broad bright blush ; flesh white, fine, juicy, of a rich vinous flavor ; stone small, free. Sept. 1 to 15.
Page 65 - Winter Sweeting, Wood's Greening, Tewksbury Winter Blush, Lady Apple, Fort Miami. For the market, substitute the Baldwin for Danver's Winter Sweet, and the Hollow Crown Pearmain for Wood's Greening. Selection of apples for the vicinity of Cincinnati by a distinguished cultivator. Fall Pippin, Eambo, Westfield Seek-no-further, Newtown Spitzenburg, Yellow Bellflower, Waxen (or Gate), White Pippin, Eoxbury Eusset.
Page 93 - Extremely large ; short-oval ; light yellow, bright red cheek ; flesh yellow, red at the stone, melting, very juicy, of a sweet, luscious flavor. Of the first rank in size. beauty and quality. Oct. 1. Globose glands. New and promising. By E.

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