Special Operations Forces: Force Structure & Readiness Issues
As a result of problems with several special operations missions in the 1980s, including the failed attempt to rescue American hostages from Iran in April 1980, Congress created a joint special operations command in 1987 to ensure the readiness of assigned forces. This report assesses how the command determines its force level and mix of active and reserve forces and examines issues affecting the readiness of special operations forces. Charts and tables.
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12 Comments active and reserve active forces Air Combat Command Air Force Special Analytical Process Army Special Operations base operating support budget combat readiness Command ofﬁcials Command was established Command’s Readiness common items Congress Conunand conventional combat search conventional search deﬁned Department of Defense deploy Determined by Analytical equipment ﬁscal year 1994 Force Special Operations Future Force Levels Headquarters Hurlburt Field improved items and services Joint Publication 3-05 Levels and Mix MFP-ll funds military Mix Determined national security Naval Special Warfare Navy Ofﬁce peacetime peculiar to special percent Process and National Psychological Operations readiness of special reported C-l ratings rescue missions rescue requirements reserve forces reserve SEAL Sea-Air-Land SEAL positions search and rescue Secretary of Defense services peculiar Special Forces Special Operations Command special operations forces special operations funds special operations units special operations-peculiar Special Warfare Command speciﬁcally strategy theater combatant commanders TheGAO training elements U.S. Army varied deﬁnitions wartime mission
Page 10 - Services, and which is established and so designated by the President, through the Secretary of Defense with the advice and assistance of the Joint Chiefs of Staff...
Page 12 - Programs conducted to relieve or reduce the results of natural or manmade disasters or other endemic conditions such as human pain, disease, hunger, or privation that might present a serious threat to life or that can result in great damage to or loss of property.
Page 12 - Participation by civilian and military agencies of a government in any action programs taken by another government to free and protect its society from subversion, lawlessness, and insurgency.
Page 1 - We are sending copies of this report to the Chairmen of the House Committee on Government Operations...
Page 11 - ... are organized, trained, equipped, supported, and directed in varying degrees by an external source. It includes guerrilla warfare and other direct offensive, low visibility, covert, or clandestine operations, as well as the indirect activities of subversion, sabotage, intelligence collection, and evasion and escape.
Page 1 - Chairman, Committee on Armed Services House of Representatives Dear Mr. Chairman: In response to your...
Page 49 - ... section 164(c) of this title, the Secretary of a military department is responsible for the administration and support of forces assigned by him to a combatant command. (c) Assignment of Responsibility to Other Components of DOD. — After consultation with the Secretaries of the military departments, the Secretary of Defense may assign the responsibility (or any part of the responsibility) for the administration and support of forces assigned to the combatant commands to other components of...
Page 11 - Reconnaissance and surveillance actions conducted by special operations forces to obtain or verify, by visual observation or other collection methods, information concerning the capabilities, intentions, and activities of an actual or potential enemy or to secure data concerning the meteorological, hydrographic, or geographic characteristics of a particular area. It includes target acquisition, area assessment, and post-strike reconnaissance.
Page 12 - Political-military considerations frequently shape special operations, requiring clandestine, covert, or low visibility techniques and oversight at the national level. Special operations differ from conventional operations in degree of physical and political risk, operational techniques, mode of employment, independence from friendly support, and dependence on detailed operational intelligence and indigenous assets.
Page 11 - A broad spectrum of military and paramilitary operations, normally of long duration, predominantly conducted by indigenous or surrogate forces who are organized, trained, equipped, supported, and directed in varying degrees by an external source. It includes guerrilla warfare and other direct offensive, low visibility, covert, or clandestine operations, as well as the indirect activities of subversion, sabotage, intelligence activities, and...