The First Western Greeks
The forging, in the eighth century BC, of contact with the West by Greeks from Euboea was by any standards a remarkable feat. The ensuing large-scale transfer of technology and culture from the Aegean to the Central Mediterranean was of greater lasting significance for Western civilization than almost any other single advance achieved in ancient times. The purpose of this book is to acquaint a wider audience with an archaeological project that could hardly be more revolutionary: the effective discovery and excavation, from 1952 onwards, of the first Greek establishment in the West, Euboean Pithekoussai on the island of Ischia in the Bay of Naples. This vast trading settlement is not at all typical of the Western colonial scene. Pithekoussai is very large and very early, and it marks the northern limit of Greek South Italy; furthermore, the earliest immigrants may not all have been Greek. This book about Pithekoussai and its implications is based on Giorgio Buchner's excavations there, which have revealed a variety of component sites so far without parallel in the contemporary Greek homeland. The cemetery, the acropolis dump and the suburban industrial quarter each shed light on a different aspect of everyday life at one of the great crossroads of antiquity. This is a lively and stimulating book on a subject of central importance to archaeologists and ancient historians. It will also be of interest to the layman.
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The Euboeans at home and abroad
the cemetery in the Valle di
the nonfunerary sites
status and function
Campania Latium vetus and Southern Etruria
acropolis acropolis dump Aegean Al Mina amphora ancient Antica archaeological Archeologia artefacts Atti Bartoloni Bay of Naples British School Bronze Age Campania centre Chalcidians Chalcis chapter chevron skyphoi Coldstream contemporary context Corinthian cremation cultural Cumae Cyprus Descoeudres Early Protocorinthian eighth century Eretria Etruria Etruscan Euboean evidence family plot funerary Geometric pottery globular aryballoi Greece Homeric imported inhumations inscription Iron Age Ischia island Italian Italy Kearsley kotylai kotyle koussai krater Kreis Lacco Ameno Late Geometric Latium Latium vetus Lefkandi Levant Levantine Lyre-Player Group mainland Mazzola metal-working Mezzavia Middle Geometric Monte di Vico Mycenaean native Neeft Nestor kotyle ninth painted personal ornaments phase Phoenician Pithecusa Pithekoussai Plate Popham Quattro Fontanili Ridgway Rome Sardinia scarabs Schiavo School at Athens seventh century sherds Sicily Southern Etruria Strabo Taranto Tarquinia tion tombs trench graves tumuli Vagnetti Valle di San vases Veientine Veii Villanovan cemetery West Western Greeks