The First Western Greeks

Front Cover
CUP Archive, Dec 10, 1992 - History - 180 pages
The forging, in the eighth century BC, of contact with the West by Greeks from Euboea was by any standards a remarkable feat. The ensuing large-scale transfer of technology and culture from the Aegean to the Central Mediterranean was of greater lasting significance for Western civilization than almost any other single advance achieved in ancient times. The purpose of this book is to acquaint a wider audience with an archaeological project that could hardly be more revolutionary: the effective discovery and excavation, from 1952 onwards, of the first Greek establishment in the West, Euboean Pithekoussai on the island of Ischia in the Bay of Naples. This vast trading settlement is not at all typical of the Western colonial scene. Pithekoussai is very large and very early, and it marks the northern limit of Greek South Italy; furthermore, the earliest immigrants may not all have been Greek. This book about Pithekoussai and its implications is based on Giorgio Buchner's excavations there, which have revealed a variety of component sites so far without parallel in the contemporary Greek homeland. The cemetery, the acropolis dump and the suburban industrial quarter each shed light on a different aspect of everyday life at one of the great crossroads of antiquity. This is a lively and stimulating book on a subject of central importance to archaeologists and ancient historians. It will also be of interest to the layman.

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Mycenaean prologue
The Euboeans at home and abroad
an introduction
the cemetery in the Valle di
the nonfunerary sites
status and function
Campania Latium vetus and Southern Etruria
Iron sword bronze spearhead and butt
Etruscan epilogue
Notes on further reading

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