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absence alleged Annam aphorism conveying apprehended argument assertion atoms Aversion belong Benares body called cause character cognition colour conjunction constantly accompanied culinary hearth Define Desire destruction distinct Ditto Ditto Diurnal Portion doubt elements Emancipation ends the section entity established eternal Ether example existence fiery fire fruit genus Ignoratio elenchi inference instrument knowledge light means Mind Naiydyikas nature non-existence notion Number Nyaya Nydya object Odour opinion organ of vision perceived perception possessed production proof proposition proved quality resides racter reason reductio ad absurdum regard reply resides in earth Sankhya Sanskrit Savour sense sfit Smell smoke Soul sound substance syllogism tenet term thereof thing thing remembered this.f three kinds tion trick in respect truth un-eternal word wrft WrTT
Page 17 - This may be named conversion by negation ; or, as it is commonly called, by con~ tra-position,v. A may also be fairly converted Contra-po . i • ^ sition. in this way ; eg Every poet is a man of genius ; therefore, He who is not a man of genius is not a poet...
Page 20 - For example — a person not knowing what is meant by the word gavaya (Bos gavaeus), having heard from some inhabitant of the forest that a gavaya is like a cow, goes to the forest. Remembering the purport of what he has been told, he sees a body like that of a cow. 20 TARKA-SANGRAHA. Then this inference from similarity arises (in his mind), that * this is what is meant by the word gavaya.
Page 12 - ... instrumental cause which is not a universally concurrent cause or condition (of all effects, as God, time, place, etc., are)."i To return to the theory of the Understanding. The first method of proof is Perception, or, as Dr. Ballantyne would prefer to call it, The Deliverance of Sense. It is thus defined : " The cause of the knowledge called Sensation is an organ of sense; knowledge produced by the conjunction of an organ of sense and its object is Sensation."2 It is of two kinds: determinate,...
Page 13 - ... which is in conjunction with the sense of vision. In the perception of the fact that color generally is present, there is the proximity of intimate union with what is intimately united with that which is in conjunction, because the generic property of being colored is inherent in the particular color which is intimately united with the jar which is in conjunction with the sense of vision. In the perception of sound by the organ of hearing, there is the proximity of intimate union, because the...
Page 47 - Thus it is quite unfair to say, with Bitter (History of Philosophy, vol. iv., p. 365), that two of the five members of Kanada's argument " are manifestly superfluous, while, by the introduction of an example in the third, the universality of the conclusion is vitiated...
Page 57 - The tacit assumption, indeed (if there were any such understood assertion), of the existence of an object with properties corresponding to the definition, would, in the present 'instance, be false. Out of this definition we may carve the...
Page 46 - Rhetoric, p. 6), and to which, after " the ascertainment of the truth by investigation," belongs " the establishment of it to the satisfaction of another" Disregarding what is called rhetorical artifice, which, in his system, would have been out of place, as it would have been out of place in Euclid's Elements of Geometry, Kanada directs his rhetorician to commence, as Euclid does, by stating the proposition to be proved.
Page 7 - GStama and Kanada approach the most closely of all Hindu philosophers to the Christian dogma. They are par excellence the Theists of India. Says the Tarka Sangraha, concisely : " The substratum of knowledge they call Soul. It is of two kinds, the animal soul and' the supreme soul. The supreme soul is God, the omniscient. He is One only, and devoid of joy or sorrow. And the animal soul is distributed to each body. It is all-pervading and eternal."2 The Nyaya agrees with the Sankhya philosophy in asserting...
Page 21 - God, is all-authoritative : but the latter, only if uttered by one who deserves confidence, is authoritative ; any other is not so.
Page 12 - Where this intimate relation exists, that cause which is associated in one and the same object [as a necessarily immanent cause] with such effect or cause, is non-intimate. Thus the conjunction of the threads is the non-intimate cause of the cloth, and the colour of the threads that of the colour of the cloth.