Travels in the Himalayan provinces of Hindustan and the Panjab

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J. Murray, 1841 - Asia, Central
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Page 293 - The Sikhs seem to look upon the Kashmirians as little better than cattle. The murder of a native by a Sikh is punished by a fine to the government, of from sixteen to twenty rupees, of which four rupees are paid to the family of the deceased if a Hindu, and two rupees if he was a Mohammedan.
Page 157 - The dimensions of a hive are, on an average, about fourteen inches in diameter, and, when closed at both ends, about twenty or twenty-two inches in length. That end of the cylinder nearest to the apartment is closed by a round platter of red pottery ware, a little convex in the middle, but the edges are made flush with the wall by a luting of clay-mortar and the other extremity is shut by a similar dish, having a circular hole, about a third of an inch in diameter, in its centre.
Page 138 - ... descent, gradually sinks into the mass of matted roots. The bed floats, but is kept in its place by a stake of willow driven through it at each end, which admits of its rising and falling in accommodation to the rise and fall of the water.
Page 138 - ... about two feet under the water, so that they completely lose all connexion with the bottom of the lake, but retain their former situation in respect to each other. When thus detached from the soil, they are pressed into somewhat closer contact, and formed into beds of about two yards breadth, and of an indefinite length.
Page 148 - ... for four pice, or two-pence. The country people break the walnuts at home, and carry the kernel alone to market, where it is sold to oil-pressers, at the average .rate of seven rupees per khurwar, or ass-load.
Page 123 - The population of the city of Kashmir, although much diminished, must be numerous. One hundred and twenty thousand persons, it is said, are employed in the shawl manufacture alone ; and although this is the chief employment of the population, yet the other trades and occupations essential to the support of a large city must, at least, double the amount: the population of the Province is estimated at eight hundred thousand.* Everywhere, however, the people are in the most abject condition — exorbitantly...
Page 140 - I traversed a tract of about fifty acres of these floating gardens of cucumbers and melons, and saw not above half a dozen unhealthy plants ; nor have I seen in the cucumber and melon grounds in the vicinity of very populous cities in Europe, or in Asia, so large an expanse of plant in a state equally healthy, though it must be observed, without running into luxuriance of growth.
Page 319 - ... sanctified by a miracle wrought there by Nanak, the founder of the Sikh faith. Nanak, coming to the place fatigued and thirsty, thought he had a claim upon the hospitality of his brother ascetic, and invoked the spirit of Baba Wali for a cup of water. The Muhammadan saint, indignant at the presumption of an unbeliever, replied to his application by throwing a stone at him of several tons weight. Nanak caught the missile in his hand, and then placed it on the ground, leaving the impression of...
Page 141 - It was observed that the stems of many plants had been newly earthed up by about two handfuls of black mud brought from the bottom of the lake. At this visit I saw not any weakly plant save one, before remarked, and this, greatly recovered, was now full of flower. The general depth of the floating beds, or mats of weeds and of earth, taken together, was about two feet, and I now observed that some of the beds were about seven feet broad. The general arrangement was a line of cucumber cones, bordering...
Page 119 - ... each side by a border of mire. The houses are in general two or three stories high ; they are built of unburnt bricks and timber, the former serving for little else than to fill up the interstices of the latter. They are not plastered, are badly constructed, and are mostly in a neglected and ruinous condition, with broken doors or no doors at all, with shattered lattices, windows stopped up with boards, paper, or rags, walls out of the perpendicular, and pitched roofs threatening to fall.

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