Scientists and the Development of Nuclear Weapons: From Fission to the Limited Test Ban Treaty, 1939-1963
Here the development of nuclear weapons is viewed from the perspective of the scientist. From the discovery of fission to the Manhattan Project, to Hiroshima and Nagasaki, the arms race and early steps toward arms control, this book provides a context for developments in the period 1939-1963. It discusses the scientists' technical contributions, the novelty of working for the government on a secret project, political lobbying, the private anguish over the morality of creating weapons of mass destruction while being subject to public adoration as the wizards who produced the bomb, and finally the rapid descent for some into the shattering category of security risk during the McCarthy period. Lawrence Badash traces the course of this tumultuous and apocalyptic period with scientific clarity and sympathetic understanding.
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Background to the Bomb
Hiroshima and Nagasaki
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aircraft Alamos Allied alpha American arms control arms race army arsenal atomic bomb Atomic Energy attack became bombers built called century chain reaction chemical cities Cold Committee Communist construction created defense deterrence detonated early effort Einstein Eisenhower electricity electromagnetic element Enrico Fermi Ernest Lawrence explosive fear Fermi fission forces Franck Report Fuchs fuel fusion gaseous diffusion German Groves Hanford Hiroshima Hiroshima and Nagasaki hydrogen ICBMs implosion industry isotopes Japan Japanese kilotons Klaus Fuchs laboratory Leo Szilard Manhattan Project mass military missiles Nagasaki nations neutrons Nobel nuclear energy nuclear weapons nucleus Oak Ridge Oppenheimer particle physicist plant plutonium political postwar president problems production radioactivity radium reactors role Roosevelt Rutherford scientific scientists Senate Soviet Union strategic Super superpowers surrender Szilard target technical Teller Test Ban thermonuclear weapons tion treaty Trinity test Truman United University uranium warheads World