The Last Emperors of Vietnam: From Tu Duc to Bao Dai

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Greenwood Publishing Group, 2000 - History - 185 pages

This book tells the story of French interaction with Vietnam and the neighboring region, which began with the French seizure of Cochin-China and Tonking in the 19th century under Emperor Tu Duc and ended with their humiliating defeat at Dien Bien Phu in 1954. After the conclusion of treaties with China in the nineteenth century, Western nations sought access to the resource-rich region of Yunnan. After attempts at exploring the Mekong River, the French turned their sights to the Red River. Only after Jean Dupuis successfully linked Hanoi with Yunnan was Admiral Dupre able to begin the conquest of Tonking. This volume begins where Chapuis's History of Vietnam left off, completing the colonial history of Vietnam.

The decline of French authority in Indochina began with Japanese demands and subsequent occupation during World War II. The 9 March 1945 Japanese coup would mark the beginning of the end of French supremacy; however, French authorities would return with troops to confront the Vietnamese demands for unity and independence after Japan's defeat. Although an agreement between Sainteny and Ho Chi Minh would allow the French army to land in North Vietnam, the creation of the southern Republic of Cochin-China would be a move that ran counter to Vietnamese nationalist sentiment. Nine years later, the French found themselves ousted from their former colony.


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Lack the understanding of the French resistance by the Vietnamese, especially under Regent Ton-That Thuyet. The resistance movement against the French under Thuyet was not a result of personal survival. In fact, Thuyet began the 'war' against the French in the north (Cau Giay Battle, 1873) and wanted to start a national movement by having Ham Nghi, an emperor that was willing to join the anti-French movement at court. Leaving his two sons behind to aid Emperor Ham Nghi leading the 'Can Vuong' (Aid the Emperor) Movement, Thuyet went to China to seek help. The French negotiated with the Chinese to hold Thuyet in China. However, Thuyet continued helping the various anti-French groups until his death in 1913. 

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$105.56 my ass.


The Vietnamese Emperors
The Great Explorers Prelude to the Conquest
The Conquest of Vietnam
French Administration
Reforms Revolts Revolutions
The FrancoIndochinese War

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About the author (2000)

OSCAR CHAPUIS is former French Merchant Marine Captain who served as maritime inspector for the French High Commissioner in Indochina and as a maritime expert at the Saigon Court of Appeals. He was Professor at the Vietnam Maritime College, and he acted as a speaker on Vietnamese culture at the Multicultural Mental Health Training Program (MMHTP) at the University of South Florida. His other books include A History of Vietnam (Greenwood, 1995).

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