Covered Wagon Women: 1851
Kenneth L. Holmes, David Duniway
U of Nebraska Press, 1995 - History - 291 pages
"Kenneth L. Holmes made the very wise editorial decision not to update, revise, or parenthetically correct the quirky and often fascinating prose of these nineteenth-century women. . . . The writing is rich with the sounds of common speech and jargon."-John Mack Faragher, Western Historical Quarterly. Expectations of gold, rich farmland, and healthful climate propelled some fifty thousand overlanders. Among the women making the trip west to California and Oregon in 1850 were six whose diaries and letters give distinction to the second volume of Covered Wagon Women. Margaret A. Frink notes the scarcity of women in the army of grizzled fortune seekers. Her extended journal is "one of the classics of American history, " according to Kenneth L. Holmes. Frink describes preparations for the journey, lodging and camping along the way, landmarks, encounters with Indians, the problem of finding grass and water for the livestock, and early days in Sacramento. Like all the others going west in 1850, she is terrified by the cholera epidemic. A courageous young mother, Sarah Davis, counts the graves along the way. Mary M. Colby's record is a reminder of how women contributed to the family prosperity when they reached bountiful Oregon. Lucena Parsons, a bride, provides details about washing and cooking in the open air. Sophia Goodridge, the youngest daughter in a large Mormon family, charts the trip to Salt Lake. Anna Maria Morris travels to Santa Fe with the military unit commanded by her husband. Kenneth L. Holmes is emeritus professor of history at Western Oregon State College. Lillian Schlissel is the author of Women's Diaries of the Westward Journey. She is a professor of English and directorof the American Studies program at Brooklyn College.
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15 miles afternoon August Baker bank Bear River beautiful better bluffs bottom buffalo burnt river camp to night captain cattle Cooke Council Bluffs creek crossed deck diary drove emigrants encamped at night feet ferry ford fork fort hall graves Green River Hadley hills hilly horses hour at noon Indians John John Days river journey July June Kanesville Linn County look Marion County miles & camped miles stopped Monday Mormon morning moun mountains o'clock Oregon Oregon City Oregon Spectator overland oxen papoose passed Platte pleasant plenty Portland prairie rain ravines road rock sage Salem Salt Lake City sand sandy Saturday side snake river snow spring squaw started steep stopped an hour stream Sunday Sweet water teams timber tolerable grass Traveled 20 miles Tuesday valley verry wagon warm Wednesday wife wild Williams willows wind women Zieber