Ancient Cahokia and the Mississippians
The ancient capital of Cahokia and a series of lesser population centers developed in the Mississippi valley in North America between the eighth and fifteenth centuries AD, leaving behind an extraordinarily rich archaeological record. Cahokia's gigantic pyramids, finely crafted artifacts, and dense population mark it as the founding city of the Mississippian civilization, formerly known as the 'mound' builders. As Cahokian ideas and objects were widely sought, a cultural and religious ripple effect spread across the mid-continent and into the South. In its wake, population migrations and social upheavals transformed social life along the ancient Mississippi River. In this important new survey, Timothy Pauketat outlines the development of Mississippian civilization, presenting a wealth of archaeological evidence and advancing our understanding of the American Indians whose influence extended into the founding moments of the United States and lives on today in American archaeology.
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American Bottom archaeological archaeologists Arkansas artifacts axe heads Aztalan beaded burial bifaces buildings centers chert chunkey stones Clair County Coles Creek conﬂuence construction courtyard cultural deﬁned early Mississippian earthen pyramids East St eastern evidence excavations farmers farmsteads ﬁeld ﬁll ﬁrst ﬂoodplain ﬂoors Grand Plaza greater Cahokia region Grifﬁn groups heterarchical hoe blades Hoecake houses Illinois Indians intensiﬁcation jars Kelly Koldehoff Lake Late Woodland period Lohmann phase Louis maize Melvin Fowler Mesoamerica microlithic migrations Mill Creek Mississippi River Mississippi valley Mississippian culture Missouri Monks Mound Moorehead phase mortuary Mound 72 northern Ozarks palisade wall Pauketat Pauketat 1998a Pauketat and Emerson perhaps pits platform mounds political population pots pottery pre-Columbian pre-Mississippian probably production Ramey Incised Red Horn Reelfoot Lake ridge-top mounds ritual signiﬁcant social southeast Southeastern Ceremonial Complex southern speciﬁc Stirling phase sufﬁcient Tennessee terminal Late Woodland tion Toltec Tract 15A traditions wall trench Wisconsin