Mexico Under Fire: Being the Diary of Samuel Ryan Curtis, 3rd Ohio Volunteer Regiment, During the American Military Occupation of Northern Mexico, 1846-1847
This previously unpublished diary records the intuitive reflections of an educated man who served as a military administrator in northern Mexico during the Mexican War.
Colonel Samuel Ryan Curtis, engineer, lawyer and graduate of West Point, arrived in Mexico in July of 1846 as commander of the 3rd Ohio Volunteer Regiment to find a volatile and chaotic situation in occupied towns along the Rio Grande. American civilians of the lowest sort--men and women--mingled with Mexican townspeople, robbing, murdering, and raping. Neither civil nor military law made provisions for governing municipalities under such conditions. Nor was the U.S. military prepared for a guerrilla struggle against renegade Mexican soldiers and bandits. This is Curtis's story of maintaining order under nearly impossible conditions--of death and suffering in his regiment from disease, not fighting, and of the tedium of army camp life.
Curtis was a keen observer who chronicled martial unrest and political conditions in Matamoros, Camargo, and Saltillo. He also documented social and economic circumstances, as well as flora and fauna, and even the weather.
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3rd Ohio Alcalda American Flag appearance army arrived artillery attack battle of Buena battle of Monterrey battles of Contreras Brazos brigadier Buena Vista called Camargo camp Canales Capt Captain cavalry chaperal Clark command companies Cruz Curtis encamped Feby feet Fort Brown graduated from West guard Heitman horses Ibid Indiana Infantry Josiah Gregg July Kentucky last night letter Lieut lieutenant colonel Matamoros McCook Meir Menchaca Mexican War Mexican War Journal miles military Mississippi Monterrey morning mountains mules North northern Mexico Oclock officers Ohio Volunteers Orleans party passed Patterson Plaza prisoners promoted to brevet quartermaster Rancho Register reported Reynosa river road Saltillo Samuel Ryan Curtis San Luis Potosi Santa Anna Scott sent served sick side soldiers steam boat Tampico Taylor tent Texas Texian town troops Urrea Vera Cruz village wagons West Point Wool