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acquired characters action advance altruism animal evolution artificial Aryan race attributes become brought centralization century certainly chieftain child civilization classes communal conception conscience controlled customs demands developed early egoism ence environment ethical nature evident fact factor feeling force fundamental greater higher animals human evolution human family human race idea impulses indi individual influ influence innate instincts intelligence interests Jukes family king language laws lead leader less live lower animals mankind ment mental powers modern monarch moral codes moral nature moral sense nations natural selection obey offspring organic evolution organic heredity organic inheritance origin parents patriarchal system phase possessed possible primitive principle produced question reared recognize reproduction result rience right and wrong rule sacrifice Sanskrit savage races simply social evolution social heredity social inheritance society struggle for existence sure tendency tion to-day transmitted tribes true union vidual wholly words yield
Page iii - It is the purpose of this work to show that the laws of the evolution of animals and plants apply to human evolution only up to a certain point, beyond which man has been under the influence of distinct laws of his...
Page iv - ... has appeared to the author that with all the cogency of the facts presented by the eugenists, there is a side of the question of human development which they are overlooking and which their readers are therefore likely to overlook; a side which, in our opinion, weighs more heavily in determining human progress than the laws of inheritance upon which eugenics is based.
Page 341 - Education without religion makes cold, calculating men, with self-centered interests, and any system of social advance which leaves out the religious side of nature leaves out the one force that makes possible lasting organization upon which civilization depends.
Page 334 - ... is only recently that attempts have been made to analyze its content and set forth its importance. Professor Conn's illuminating study has cleared the way. He has treated our social inheritance as a body of acquired traits in contradistinction to the natural traits obtained through organic heredity. The chief factors which separate the European from the Bushman are not, then, in his innate, but in his acquired, characteristics. We do not mean by this that there are no innate differences between...
Page 24 - This does not at all concern the germinal substance in the egg and is not fixed by the union of germ substances in sex union. It is capable of being modified by the action of individuals, and may be entirely changed by the development of newly acquired variations. It has had little or nothing to do with the evolution of the human animal, but much to do with the evolution of the civilized human race.
Page 316 - ... implement out of stone, with nothing as a pattern and with not even the idea of the possibility of making anything like an artificial implement, as it does in these later ages to fashion the most delicate instrument when the inventor has all the patterns of previous ages to aid him. When we come to try to compare mental power of our twentieth-century inventors and those of earlier ages we have no adequate measure.
Page 269 - While we feel that the law of sympathy and love, which demands sacrifice, is fundamental in the nature of man, we feel with no less positiveness that the laws of justice are inherent in the nature of things. Justice insists upon a final recompense for sacrifice. Here it is that we find the greatest significance of religion in its relation to the history of man.
Page 340 - Through social heredity, a single individual, though leaving no offspring, may turn the direction of evolution, and have more influence upon mankind than another with numerous progeny. Hence, while emphasis should be placed upon reproductive efficiency, even greater emphasis needs to be placed upon making the individual's life count, since the influence of the individual upon evolution through his life may be far greater than his influence through his offspring.
Page 141 - Eeformation that occurred under Luther, for at this time the conscience and intelligence of the individual was proclaimed as the guiding principle in religious belief. Individualism has been immensely fostered in recent centuries by the growth of Protestantism, and so fast as it gains the upper hand just so fast is there a tendency toward undermining the significance of the family. In modern life the family does not mean what it meant in many centuries of the world's history.
Page 134 - The feeling of affection is said to play absolutely no part in the marriages of primitive peoples, as illustrated by savages; a condition of things which is still more common among most races of civilized men than marriages for affection. But a union made from such motives, in civilized as well as savage races, is subsequently cemented into a perTHE BEGINNINGS OF SOCIAL EVOLUTION 137 manent bond by the children, who become an object of common interest to both parents.