Puppetmasters: The Political Use of Terrorism in Italy
The CIA has been accused of a massive intelligence failure in the run-up to the 9/11 attacks -- the result, it is said, of a moralistic and bureaucratic approach to information-gathering. But the CIA's spies had few qualms when it came to cultivating terrorist organisations and interfering in the internal politics of Cold War Italy. Puppetmasters reveals how US intelligence services exploited the P2 masonic lodge to prop up friendly Christian Democrat-dominated governments and counter the growing political influence of the Italian Communist Party. It was a ruthless strategy involving coup plots, right wing terrorist bombings and the manipulation of the Red Brigades. And it gave Italy one of the bloodiest and most protracted periods of terrorist violence ever seen in a modern, industrialised society.
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According activities Aldo Moro Allegati alla Relazione allegations American Andreotti anti-communist arms arrested assize court authorities Autonomia Operaia Bologna bombing Brown Camorra carabinieri Chichiarelli Chiesa Christian Democrat Party Cirillo claimed communique Communist Party conspiracy Coppetti Cossiga Curcio Cutolo D'Amato documents extremist Fani fascist Franceschini Giuseppe Gladio Hyperion Ibid infiltrator intelligence service Interior Ministry interview investigation involved Italian secret services Italy Italy's journalist June L'Espresso La Repubblica Labruna later leaders left-wing terrorism letter Licio Gelli linked lodge Mafia magazine Magliana band Maletti Mario Milan military Minister Moretti Moro affair Moro Commission Moro kidnap Moro's murder Negri newspaper operation Ordine Nuovo organization P2 Commission parliamentary Pazienza Pecorelli Piazza Fontana Piazza Fontana bombing police politicians President prison prosecutor Red Brigades Repubblica responsible revolutionary role Rome Rome magistrates secret service officers Senzani SIFAR Sindona SISMI strategy of tension suspicion told trial
Page 20 - ... (4) to perform, for the benefit of the existing intelligence agencies, such additional services of common concern as the National Security Council determines can be more efficiently accomplished centrally; (5) to perform such other functions and duties related to intelligence affecting the national security as the National Security Council may from time to time direct.
Page 20 - As far as Europe is concerned, Italy is obviously [the] key point ... if the Communists were to win the election there our whole position in the Mediterranean, and possibly in Western Europe as well, would probably be undermined.
Page 21 - Co.Tiuittee found that the exposure of certain covert operations "have resulted in damaging this nation's ability to exercise moral and ethical leadership throughout the world. " No proper defense of "special activities" has yet been made on the public record. No activity of the last fifteen years thus far exposed has borne even a remote relationship to the defense or security of the United States. The Church...
Page 32 - Milwaukee penned letters for readers who could not write, they drove the message home: "if the forces of true democracy should lose in the Italian election, the American Government will not send any more money to Italy and we won't send any more money to you, our relatives."42 It is impossible to determine how many Italian Americans participated in the Letters to Italy...
Page 18 - As we have said in the past, we believe the best way to achieve these goals rests with the efforts of democratic parties to meet the aspirations of their people for effective, just, and compassionate government. The United States and Italy share profound democratic values and interests, and we do not...