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American Anza Arkansas Ayllon chief Cibola coast colonists colony Colorado command Coosa Coronado crossed Cruz Cuba deserted dians Diego English Estevanico expedition explored Father Florida Fort Caroline France Francisco Fray Luis Fray Marcos French friars frontier gold golden Governor Gulf Havana Hernando Hernando de Soto horses hundred Illinois country Indians island Jean Ribaut Jesuits journey Juan King Kino land later Los Adaes Louisiana Lowery Luis Cancer Matagorda Bay Menendez Mexico missionaries missions Mississippi Monterey mountains Nabedache Narvaez Natchitoches natives northern northward O'Reilly Ofiate ordered Pacaha Pacific pearls Pensacola Pensacola Bay Philip Ponce port province pueblo reached returned Ribaut River route sailed Salle's San Antonio San Carlos Santa Elena Santa Fe sent settlement settlers ships slaves soldiers Sonora Soto Soto's Spain Spaniards Spanish Strait Texas town trade trail tribes Ulloa Vaca vessels Viceroy village Vizcaino West
Page 96 - that it was a very good musket that could throw a ball as high." A broad stairway of about two hundred steps began the ascent, then one hundred narrower steps followed; and "at the top they had to go up about three times as high as a man by means of holes in the rock, in which they put the points of their feet, holding on at the same time by their hands. There was a wall of large and small stones at the top, which they could roll down without showing themselves, so that no army could possibly be...
Page 99 - Who could believe that 1,000 horses and 500 of our cows and more than 5,000 rams and ewes and more than 1,500 friendly Indians and servants, in traveling over those plains, would leave no more trace where they had passed than if nothing had been there — nothing — so that it was necessary to make piles of bones and cow dung now and then, so that the rear guard could follow the army.
Page 187 - On the north side of the town is the square of soldiers' houses equal to 120 or 140 on each flank. The public square is in the center of the town, on the north side of which is situated the palace or Government house, with the quarters for the guards, etc.
Page 90 - The next day they entered the settled country in good order, and when they saw the first village, which was Cibola, such were the curses that some hurled at Friar Marcos that I pray God may protect him from them. It is a little, crowded village, looking as if it had been crumpled all up together.
Page 42 - These Indians ever accompanied us until they delivered us to others; and all held full faith in our coming from heaven. While travelling, we went without food all day until night, and we ate so little as to astonish them. We never felt exhaustion, neither were we in fact at all weary, so inured were we to hardship. We possessed great influence and authority: to preserve both, we seldom talked with them. The negro was...
Page 93 - This country was elevated and full of low twisted pines, very cold, and lying open toward the north, so that, this being the warm season, no one could live there on account of the cold. They spent three days on this bank looking for a passage down to the river, which looked from above as if the water was six feet across, although the Indians said it was half a league wide.
Page 55 - He who could only catch up a pestle from a mortar, as well he who could grasp a weapon, equally exerted himself to kill his master, or the first one he met; and he whose fortune it was to light on a lance, or a sword, handled it in a manner as though he had been accustomed to use it all his days. One Indian, in the public yard of the town, with blade in hand, fought like a bull in the arena, until the halberdiers of the Governor, arriving, put an end to him.
Page 33 - Such were what I carried into the interior; and in barter I got and brought back skins, ochre with which they rub and color the face, hard canes of which to make arrows, sinews, cement and flint for the heads, and tassels of the hah- of deer that by dyeing they make red.
Page 72 - The next day, the twenty-first of May, departed this life the magnanimous, the virtuous, the intrepid Captain, Don Hernando de Soto, Governor of Cuba and Adelantado of Florida. He was advanced by fortune, in the way she is wont to lead others, that he might fall the greater depth...