Eureka!: Scientific Breakthroughs that Changed the World

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John Wiley & Sons, Jul 1, 2002 - Science - 256 pages
The common language of genius: Eureka!
While the roads that lead to breakthrough scientific discovery can be as varied and complex as the human mind, the moment of insight for all scientists is remarkably similar. The word "eureka!", attributed to the ancient Greek mathematician Archimedes, has come to express that universal moment of joy, wonder-and even shock-at discovering something entirely new. In this collection of twelve scientific stories, Leslie Alan Horvitz describes the drama of sudden insight as experienced by a dozen distinct personalities, detailing discoveries both well known and obscure. From Darwin, Einstein, and the team of Watson and Crick to such lesser known luminaries as fractal creator Mandelbrot and periodic table mastermind Dmitri Medellev, Eureka! perfectly illustrates Louis Pasteur's quip that chance favors the prepared mind. The book also describes how amateur scientist Joseph Priestley stumbled onto the existence of oxygen in the eighteenth century and how television pioneer Philo Farnsworth developed his idea for a TV screen while plowing his family's Idaho farm.
 

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Contents

CHAPTER 1 A Breath of Immoral Air Joseph Priestley and the Discovery of Oxygen
11
CHAPTER 2 Epiphany at Clapham Road Friedrich Kekule and the Discovery of the Structure of Carbon Compounds
24
CHAPTER 3 A Visionary from Siberia Dmitry Mendeleyev and the Invention of the Periodic Table
41
CHAPTER 4 The Birth of Amazing Discoveries Isaac Newton and the Theory of Gravity
57
CHAPTER 5 The Happiest Thought Albert Einstein and the Theory of Gravity
74
CHAPTER 6 The Forgotten Inventor Philo Farnsworth and the Development of Television
92
CHAPTER 7 A Faint Shadow of Its Former Self Alexander Fleming and the Discovery of Penicillin
112
CHAPTER 8 A Flash of Light in Franklin Park Charles Townes and the Invention of the Laser
128
CHAPTER 9 The Pioneer of Pangaea Alfred Wegener and the Theory of Continental Drift
148
CHAPTER 10 Solving the Mystery of Mysteries Charles Darwin and the Origin of Species
167
CHAPTER 11 Unraveling the Secret of Life James Watson and Francis Crick and the Discovery of the Double Helix
188
CHAPTER 12 Broken Teacups and Infinite Coastlines Benoit Mandelbrot and the Invention of Fractal Geometry
210
Recommended Reading
231
Index
237
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About the author (2002)

LESLIE ALAN HORVITZ is the author, coauthor, or editor of numerous books on science and the history of science, including Level 4: Virus Hunters of the CDC, with Dr. Joseph McCormick and Susan Fisher-Hoch; The Quotable Scientist; and Understanding Depression, with Dr. J. Raymond DePaulo, also from Wiley.

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