Eureka!: Scientific Breakthroughs that Changed the World
The common language of genius: Eureka!
While the roads that lead to breakthrough scientific discovery can be as varied and complex as the human mind, the moment of insight for all scientists is remarkably similar. The word "eureka!", attributed to the ancient Greek mathematician Archimedes, has come to express that universal moment of joy, wonder-and even shock-at discovering something entirely new. In this collection of twelve scientific stories, Leslie Alan Horvitz describes the drama of sudden insight as experienced by a dozen distinct personalities, detailing discoveries both well known and obscure. From Darwin, Einstein, and the team of Watson and Crick to such lesser known luminaries as fractal creator Mandelbrot and periodic table mastermind Dmitri Medellev, Eureka! perfectly illustrates Louis Pasteur's quip that chance favors the prepared mind. The book also describes how amateur scientist Joseph Priestley stumbled onto the existence of oxygen in the eighteenth century and how television pioneer Philo Farnsworth developed his idea for a TV screen while plowing his family's Idaho farm.
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CHAPTER 2 Epiphany at Clapham Road Friedrich Kekule and the Discovery of the Structure of Carbon Compounds
CHAPTER 3 A Visionary from Siberia Dmitry Mendeleyev and the Invention of the Periodic Table
CHAPTER 4 The Birth of Amazing Discoveries Isaac Newton and the Theory of Gravity
CHAPTER 5 The Happiest Thought Albert Einstein and the Theory of Gravity
CHAPTER 6 The Forgotten Inventor Philo Farnsworth and the Development of Television
CHAPTER 7 A Faint Shadow of Its Former Self Alexander Fleming and the Discovery of Penicillin
CHAPTER 8 A Flash of Light in Franklin Park Charles Townes and the Invention of the Laser
CHAPTER 9 The Pioneer of Pangaea Alfred Wegener and the Theory of Continental Drift
CHAPTER 10 Solving the Mystery of Mysteries Charles Darwin and the Origin of Species
CHAPTER 11 Unraveling the Secret of Life James Watson and Francis Crick and the Discovery of the Double Helix
CHAPTER 12 Broken Teacups and Infinite Coastlines Benoit Mandelbrot and the Invention of Fractal Geometry
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acceleration Alexander Fleming ampliﬁed atomic weight bacteria ball began Bell Labs benzene carbon century chemical chemist chemistry coastline compounds continental drift continued curved Darwin device discovered discovery Dmitry Mendeleyev Earth Einstein electrical electronic elements experiments fact Farnsworth ﬁeld ﬁgure ﬁnally ﬁnd ﬁnding ﬁrst ﬁt Fleming Fleming’s Florey ﬂow force fractal geometry Francis Crick Franklin Friedrich Kekulé geologists Gould helix idea inﬂuence invention Joseph Priestley Kekulé King’s laboratory laser Lavoisier light Lyell Mandelbrot maser mass mathematics Mendeleyev microwave mold molecules motion move nature Newton object observations ocean ﬂoor ofthe orbits oxygen Patent Ofﬁce pattern penicillin periodic table Philo Farnsworth phlogiston physicist physics planets Priestley Priestley’s problem produce properties radio reﬂect result Sarnoff Schawlow scientiﬁc scientists signiﬁcant space species speciﬁc sufﬁcient surface television theory of gravity thing Townes tube turned University Watson and Crick Wegener Wegener’s Wilkins wrote Zworykin
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