Parts and Wholes in Semantics
Oxford University Press, USA, Aug 14, 1997 - Language Arts & Disciplines - 254 pages
This book develops a unified account of expressions involving the notions of "part" and "whole " in which principles of the individuation of part structures play a central role. Moltmann presents a range of new empirical generalizations with data from English and a variety of other languages involving plurals, mass nouns, adnominal and adverbial modifiers such as as a whole, together, and alone, nominal and adverbial quanitfiers ranging over parts, and expressions of completion such as completely and partly. She develops a new theory of part structures which differs from traditional mereological theories in that the notion of an integrated whole plays a central role and in that the part structure of an entity is allowed to vary across different situations, perspectives, and dimensions.
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2 The Formal Semantic Framework and the Treatment of Distributivity
3 Semantic Selection Part Structures and Perspectives
4 Part Structures and Quantification
5 Metrical and Other Lexical Specifications of Part Structures
6 Dimensions of Parts and Wholes and the Part Structure of Events
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abstract event Accessibility Requirement adverbial adverbs of completion apply as-phrases binary relation Chapter concrete event conjoined consists context contrast count quantifiers D-term denotation different part structures discussed distributive interpretation distributive reading entity event argument event predicates event quantifiers example extensional mereological formal frequency expressions German group members group or quantity Homogeneity Requirement indefinite NPs individual Integrated Parts Requirement integrated whole involve jeweils John and Mary lexical meaning manche mass nouns mass NPs mass quantifiers mass-count distinction maximal natural language notion of integrated object part-structure modifiers participant participant-related reading perspective shifters plural and mass plural NPs properties quantification domain quantifiers ranging reference situation relative clauses relevant respect restriction same/different semantic operation semantic selectional requirements singular count nouns singular count NPs situated part structures Situation Semantics sortal specified subevents subgroups subquantities sum formation syntactic category syntactic relation temporal universal quantifier verbs viel Warlpiri