ما يقوله الناس - كتابة مراجعة
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1st Series abstract action Aristotle Averroes Biran Chap character chimera conceive Condillac condition confounded consciousness consequently Democritus Descartes died eighteenth century empiricism epoch error Essay Europe evident existence exterior world fact faculties faith finite Gassendi Giordano Bruno give history of philosophy human mind Human Understanding idea of body idea of cause idea of space idea-image in-fol induction infinite judge judgment knowledge language Lect Lecture Leibnitz less logical logical condition Malebranche Marsilio Ficino material image middle age modern philosophy moral mysticism nature objects Occam perceive peripateticism personal identity phenomena phenomenon primitive principle of causality propositions qualities of bodies question reason regard representative idea retina Saint-Lambert scholasticism secondary qualities sensation senses sensible sensualism sensualistic school skepticism solid soul Spinoza spirit substance succession suppose system of Locke theology theory of Locke thing thought tion true truth unity word
الصفحة 202 - Our observation, employed either about external sensible objects, or about the internal operations of our minds, perceived and reflected on by ourselves, is that which supplies our understandings with all the materials of thinking. These two are the fountains of knowledge, from whence all the ideas we have or can naturally have, do spring.
الصفحة 183 - ... on a subject very remote from this, found themselves quickly at a stand, by the difficulties that rose on every side. After we had a while puzzled ourselves, without coming any nearer a resolution of those doubts which perplexed us, it came into my thoughts that we took a wrong course, and that, before we set ourselves upon inquiries of that nature, it was necessary to examine our own abilities, and see what objects our understandings were, or were not, fitted to deal with.
الصفحة 203 - ... the perception of the operations of our own mind within us, as it is employed about the ideas it has got: which operations when the soul comes to reflect on and consider do furnish the understanding with another set of ideas, which could not be had from things without; and such are perception, thinking, doubting, believing, reasoning, knowing, willing, and all the different actings of our own minds...
الصفحة 203 - ... as we do from bodies affecting our senses. This source of ideas every man has wholly in himself; and though it be not sense, as having nothing to do with external objects, yet it is very like it, and might properly enough be called internal sense.
الصفحة 184 - I can discover the powers thereof, how far they reach, to what things they are in any degree proportionate, and where they fail us, I suppose it may be of use to prevail with the busy mind of man, to be more Cautious in meddling with things exceeding its comprehension ; to stop when it is at the Utmost extent of its tether ; and to sit down in a quiet ignorance of those things, which, upon examination, are found to be beyond the reach of our capacities.
الصفحة 202 - Our senses, conversant about particular sensible objects, do convey into the mind several distinct perceptions of things, according to those various ways wherein those objects do affect them: and thus we come by those ideas we have, of yellow, white, heat, cold, soft, hard, bitter, sweet, and all those which we call sensible qualities...
الصفحة 204 - All our ideas are of the one or the other of these.-—The understanding seems to me not to have the least glimmering of any ideas, which it doth not receive from one of these two. External objects furnish the mind with the ideas of sensible qualities, which are all those different perceptions they produce in us : and the mind furnishes the understanding with ideas of its own operations.
الصفحة 237 - For, since consciousness always accompanies thinking, and it is that which makes every one to be what he calls self, and thereby distinguishes himself from all other thinking things, in this alone consists personal identity, ie the sameness of a rational being: and as far as this consciousness can be extended backwards to any past action or thought, so far reaches the identity of that person...
الصفحة 188 - It being that term which, I think, serves best to stand for whatsoever is the object of the understanding when a man thinks: I have used it to express whatever is meant by phantasm, notion, species, or whatever it is which the mind can be employed about in thinking; and I could not avoid frequently using it.
الصفحة 184 - It is of great use to the sailor, to know the length of his line, though he cannot with it fathom all the depths of the ocean. It is well he knows, that it is long enough to reach the bottom, at such places as are necessary to direct his voyage, and caution him against running upon shoals that muy ruin him.