Annual Report of the Operations of the United States Life-Saving Service for the Fiscal Year Ending ...

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U.S. Government Printing Office, 1893
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Page 231 - Later manifestations: After reaction is fully established there is great danger of congestion of the lungs, and if perfect rest is not maintained for at least forty-eight hours it sometimes occurs that the patient is seized with great difficulty of breathing, and death is liable to follow unless immediate relief is afforded. In such cases apply a large mustard plaster over the breast. If the patient gasps for breath before the mustard takes effect assist the breathing by carefully repeating the artificial...
Page 231 - Thus the limbs of the patient should be rubbed, always in an upward direction toward the body, with firm-grasping pressure and energy, using the bare hands, dry flannels, or handkerchiefs, and continuing the friction under the blankets, or over the dry clothing. The warmth of the body can also be promoted by the application of hot flannels to the stomach and armpits, bottles or bladders of hot water, heated bricks, etc., to the limbs and soles of the feet.
Page 213 - Attached to the tailblock will be a tally board with the following directions in English on one side and French on the other: "Make the tail of the block fast to the lower mast, well up. If the masts are gone, then to the best place you can find.
Page 212 - ... duration, to warn her off, or should the vessel be ashore, to let her crew know that they are discovered and assistance is at hand. If the vessel is not discovered by the patrol immediately after striking, rockets or flare-up lights should...
Page 215 - ... and hook, signal as before, and the buoy or car will be hauled ashore. This will be repeated until all are landed. On the last trip of the life car the hatch must be secured by the inside hatch bar.
Page 213 - Should it be inexpedient to use either the lifeboat or surfboat, recourse will be had to the wreck gun and beach apparatus for the rescue by the breeches buoy or the life car. A shot with a small line attached will be fire,d across your vessel. Get hold of the line as soon as possible and haul on board until you get a tailblock with a whip or endless line rove through it.
Page 215 - ... through the sand or over bad roads to where your vessel is stranded. Lights on the beach will indicate their arrival, and the sound of cannon firing from the shore may be taken as evidence that a line has been fired across your vessel. Therefore, upon hearing the cannon, make strict search aloft, fore and aft, for the shot line, for it is almost certain to be there. Though the...
Page 213 - To prevent this take the end of the hawser UP BETWEEN the parts of the whip before making it fast. When the hawser is made fast, the whip...
Page 211 - ... etc. Houses of refuge are supplied with boats, provisions, and restoratives, but not manned by crews; a keeper, however, resides in each throughout the year, who, after every storm, is required to make extended excursions along the coast, with a view of ascertaining whether any shipwreck has occurred and finding and succoring any persons that may have been cast ashore.
Page 213 - This tailblock should be hauled on board as quickly as possible to prevent the whip drifting off with the set or fouling with wreckage, etc. Therefore, if you have been driven into the rigging, where but one or two men can work to advantage, cut the shot line and run it through some available block, such as the throat or peak halyards...

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