The Hussite Wars 1419-36
In 1415, the judicial murder of the religious reformer Jan Hus sparked a major uprising in Bohemia. His death led within a few years to the 'Hussite' revolution against the monarchy, the German aristocracy and the Church establishment. For two decades the largely peasant Hussite armies successfully defied a series of international 'crusades'; they owed many of their victories to the charismatic general Jan Zizka, and his novel tactical methods based on the use of 'war wagons'. This remarkable episode in medieval warfare is remembered not only as the Czech national epic, but as an important forerunner to the wars of the Reformation the following century.
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15th century armed artillery aventail barrel bascinet battle of Lipany battle of Sudomer Bohemia breastplate brotherhoods castle Cenek of Wartenburg chalice motif Church citizens of Prague coat armour contemporary crossbowmen crossbows crusading army Czech depicted Domazlice enemy Europe fighting flail footsoldiers fortress fought front German handguns heavy helmet hill hook guns houfnice Hradcany Hus's Hussite armies Hussite leaders Hussite movement Hussite Museum Hussite raid Hussite Revolution Hussite Wars illustrations infantry inside the wagon Jan Hus Jan Zizka kettle King Sigismund King Wenceslas Kutna Hora mace mail shirt March MED1EVAL ARM1ES medieval mercenaries military mounted knights Nekmer Orebites Osprey pavise peasants Pilsen plank plate armour polearms Prokop protected reform religious Royalist shape shield shown side siege soldiers Svamberg Tabor Taborites Tachov tactics tarasnice Third Crusade town trestle troops typical Usti Vitkov Vysehrad Vytautas Wagenburg wagon fort war wagons warfare wearing wheels worn Zizka Memorial