Crime and Criminal Policy in Japan: Analysis and Evaluation of the Showa Era, 1926–1988
Springer Science & Business Media, Dec 6, 2012 - Psychology - 415 pages
The Showa Era in Japan commenced in December 1926, when Emperor Showa ascended the Throne, and came to an end in January 1989, when His Majesty passed away, ushering in the new Heisei Era. The Showa Era was marked by drastic changes in the economy, society, and political and legal sys tems, which brought about an ebb and flow in criminality and precipitated various criminal policies. From an economical, political, and criminological perspective, the Showa Era stands out as a remarkable period in Japanese his tory. The Research and Training Institute of the Ministry of Justice, which has annually published the White Paper on Crime in Japan since 1960, received Cabinet approval to introduce a special topic section, "Criminal Policy in Sho wa" in the White Paper for 1989, which was published in October the same year. This White Paper is the first comprehensive publication that deals not only with the crime situation but also with the various activities of the criminal justice system, including the police, public prosecutors' offices, courts, correctional institutions, and probation and parole supervision organisations for 63 years.
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Crime and Criminal Policy in Japan: Analysis and Evaluation of the Showa Era ...
Minoru Shikita,Shinichi Tsuchiya
No preview available - 1991
adjudicated adult age group Annual Report assault bodily injury Boryokudan capital punishment crimes Criminal Statistics declined decreased disposition Drugs Control Law enforced excluding execution of sentence family courts figures fluctuated formal trial found guilty Homicide imprisonment with labour increased inmates instance Japan Juvenile Classification Homes juvenile delinquents juvenile offenders juvenile prisons Juvenile Training Schools Juvenile Tribunals minor fines National Police Agency Newly Admitted Prisoners Newly Received number of juveniles number of offenders number of persons Occurrence rate old Juvenile Law Ordinance parole peak Penal Code offenders percent in 1988 percentage postwar period prewar period probation officers probationary supervision Probationers prosecution rate public prosecutors offices punishment rape ratio reached Reformatory Schools rehabilitation service Report of Criminal Report of Judicial Report of Statistics Road Traffic Law robbery Showa Showa period special law offenders Stimulant Drugs Control suspended execution Table theft tion total number traffic professional negligence treatment trend Yamaguchi-gumi