Fitness Programming and Physical Disability

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Human Kinetics, 1995 - Health & Fitness - 222 pages
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No single book offers more information for developing and conducting exercise programs for groups that include people with physical disabilities. In Fitness Programming and Physical Disability, a dozen authorities in exercise science and adapted exercise programming explain how to effectively and safely modify existing programs for individuals with physical disabilities--without changing the quality or nature of the activity.

Fitness Programming and Physical Disability is an important reference for health fitness instructors, rehabilitation specialists, and fitness directors who design and lead group exercise programs. The book is also used as the text for Disabled Sports USA's "Fitness Is For EveryoneSM" Adaptive Fitness Instructor Certification Workshops.

The book is organized in four parts that guide the reader from theory into practice. Part I, an introduction, describes several common physical disabilities, provides insights to help exercise leaders better understand and communicate with people with disabilities, and draws attention to potential barriers that may limit access to community programs.

Part II explores the effects of physical disabilities on exercise and training, with particular emphasis on how physically disabling conditions may alter the structure and function of the physiological systems that interact to support aerobic and anaerobic exercise.

Part III offers guidelines for adapting specific fitness programs, such as resistance training, stretching, and aerobic dance, to meet the unique needs of people with physical disabilities.

Part IV provides practical guidelines for managing accessible fitness programs, including program development and promotion, handling medical emergencies in an exercise situation, tips for working with program participants who use wheelchairs, and much more.

 

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Contents

Recent Federal Legislation
5
General Characteristics and Exercise Implications
11
Progressive Disorders
25
Visual Impairment
33
Neuromuscular Control of Movement
40
Physiology of Aerobic Exercise
51
Acute Adjustments to Aerobic Exercise
57
DESIGNING ACCESSIBLE FITNESS PROGRAMS
65
Exercises for the Elbow Joint
129
Exercises for the Knee Joint
144
Team Teaching
164
MANAGING ACCESSIBLE FITNESS PROGRAMS
165
Promoting the Accessible Program
171
Wheelchairs and Transfers
183
Transfers
189
Appendix B Sample Registration Forms
200

Basic Principles of Conditioning
68
Variables of Program Design
82
Modifications for Specific Disabilities
97
Program Development
110
Glossary
209
Index
217
About the Editor
222
Copyright

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About the author (1995)

Patricia D. Miller, MA, is an exercise physiologist and consultant in exercise programs for people with disabilities. Miller initiated mainstream community exercise programs in 26 cities nationwide as part of a grant program funded by the U.S. Department of Education.

An avid triathlete and distance runner, Miller knows firsthand the fitness challenges faced by people with physical impairments. In 1988, she underwent surgery to implant a cardiac pacemaker, yet she continues to train for and participate in road races and triathlons.

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