Political policing: the United States and Latin America
Reconstructing eighty years of history,Political Policingexamines the nature and consequences of U.S. police training in Brazil and other Latin American countries. With data from a wide range of primary sources, including previously classified U.S. and Brazilian government documents, Martha K. Huggins uncovers how U.S. strategies to gain political control through police assistance-in the name of hemispheric and national security-has spawned torture, murder, and death squads in Latin America.After a historical review of policing in the United States and Europe over the past century, Huggins reveals how the United States, in order to protect and strengthen its position in the world system, has used police assistance to establish intelligence and other social control infrastructures in foreign countries. The U.S.-encouraged centralization of Latin American internal security systems, Huggins claims, has led to the militarization of the police and, in turn, to an increase in state-sanctioned violence. Furthermore,Political Policingshows how a domestic police force-when trained by another government-can lose its power over legitimate crime as it becomes a tool for the international interests of the nation that trains it.Pointing to U.S. responsibility for violations of human rights by foreign security forces,Political Policingwill provoke discussion among those interested in international relations, criminal justice, human rights, and the sociology of policing.
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The First Twentyfive Years
Good Neighbor Policing
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Abourezk Agency for International agents Alves argued army arrests assistance to foreign authoritarian Brazil Brazilian police centralized Civil Police Colombia Communist constabulary coordination counterinsurgency countries country's curity death squads Delegado devolution DFSP DOI/CODI DOPS economic established fact federal FOIA foreign police assistance foreign police training former Haiti ideology INPOLSE insurgency intelligence internal security internal security system International Development investigation James Abourezk Kruel Latin American police Maechling ment Militarized Police Mitrione murder Nicaragua OBAN operations OPS-Brazil police forces police officials police organizations police program police system police training programs political police President prisoners professional protection protection racket Public Safety Report recipient repression Rio de Janeiro RONE Sao Paulo secret Senator social control state's subversive threat tion TOAID torture U.S. ambassador U.S. assistance U.S. foreign police U.S. government U.S. international security U.S. military U.S. police U.S. security United Vargas violence Washington