Explaining Religion: Criticism and Theory from Bodin to Freud
J. Samuel Preus traces the development and articulation of a modern "naturalistic" approach to the study of religion by examining ideas about the origin of religion in the works of nine western thinkers: Jean Bodin, Herbert of Cherbury, Bernard Fontenelle, Giambattista Vico, David Hume, Auguste Comte, Edward Brunett Tylor, Emile Durkheim, and Sigmund Freud. He argues that beginning in the sixteenth century increasing critical detachment from theological presuppositions and commitments made it possible for the question of origins to be posed from an altogether non-religious point of view. This new modernist paradigm was characterized by the conviction that religion could be explained in scientific terms, like any other object of critical investigation.
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Herbert of Cherbury
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analysis ancient animism animistic anthropology anthropomorphic approach argument Auguste Comte belief biblical Bodin causes Christian civilization claim clan Colloquium common notions Comte Comte's contemporary critical culture David Hume divine doctrine Durkheim and Freud E. B. Tylor E. E. Evans-Pritchard Emile Durkheim essential evidence evolution evolutionary experience explaining religion explanation of religion fact fetishism Fontenelle Fontenelle's framework Frank Manuel functions gods hermeneutical Hume Hume's Ibid ideas imagination individual innate institutions intellectual interpretation Isaiah Berlin italics Jean Bodin knowledge laws Marvin Harris mind miracle modern moral myths naturalistic observation oracles origin of religion paradigm phenomena philosophy primal primitive principle problem providence question rational reality realm reason regard religious revelation sacred scientific Senamus sense Sigmund Freud social society sociological study of religion survival theology theory of religion things thought Toralba totem Totem and Taboo tradition truth Tylor understanding universal Vico Vico's
The Sociology of Religion: Theoretical and Comparative Perspectives
Malcolm B. Hamilton
No preview available - 1995
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Religion and Scientific Naturalism: Overcoming the Conflicts
David Ray Griffin
Limited preview - 2000