First Book on Anatomy, Physiology, and Hygiene: For Grammar Schools and Families : with Eighty-three Engravings
J.B. Lippincott & Company, 1854 - Anatomy - 191 pages
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acid action air-cells alimentary canal anatomy animal aorta auricle become blood body bones brain branches breathing called carbonic carried cause cavity CHAPTER chest child clothing coat cold color composed contraction cord Describe diaphragm digestive organs disease divided duct effect exercise external extremities fingers fluid follow frequently front function Give given glands Greek hand head heart heat HYGIENE Illustration immediately increased influence internal intestine joints large intestine Latin layer Ligaments light limbs lower lungs lymphatics matter membrane middle minute muscles muscular Name necessary nerve nurse Observation opening organs pass patient person physiology placed poison portion position prevent produced proper pulmonary artery pure quantity removed require ribs secretions sense sick side skin spinal column stomach structure substance supplied taken teeth trachea trunk tube upper valves vein ventricle vessels warm wound
Page 117 - Two of the quadrangular papillary clumps composed of minute conical papillae, such as are seen in the palm of the hand or sole of the foot. 4. Deep layer of the derma, the corium. 5. Adipose cells. 6. A sudoriparous gland with its spiral duct, as are seen in the palm of the hand and sole of the foot.
Page 135 - At any time of life, excessive and continued mental exertion is hurtful ; but in infancy and early youth, when the structure of the brain is still immature and delicate, permanent mischief is more easily...
Page 89 - The LUNGS are conical organs, one on each side of the chest, embracing the heart, and separated from each other by a membranous partition. The color of the lungs is a pinkish gray, mottled, and variously marked with black.
Page 64 - ... ascends obliquely to the under surface of the arch of the aorta, where it divides into the right and left pulmonary arteries.
Page 130 - Each spinal nerve arises by two roots, an anterior, or motor root, and a posterior, or sensory root. ROOTS OF THE SPINAL NERVES. The anterior roots arise somewhat irregularly from a linear series of foramina, on the antero-lateral column of the spinal cord, gradually approaching towards the anterior median fissure as they descend. The fibres of the anterior roots...
Page 66 - CAPILLARIES constitute a microscopic net-work, and are so distributed through every part of the body as to render it impossible to introduce the smallest needle beneath the skin without wounding several of these fine vessels. They establish the communication between the termination of the arteries and the beginning of the veins. 196. The relation of the capillaries to the arteries and veins, is illustrated by figs. 41 and 42. Fig. 41 Fig. 41. An ideal view of a portion of the pulmonic circulation....
Page 145 - AQUEOUS humor occupies the space between the cornea and crystalline humor, both before and behind the iris. 440. The CRYSTALLINE humor (lens) lies behind the aqueous humor and pupil. Its form is different on the two sides. When boiled, it may be separated into layers like those of an onion.