Science, Technology, and Society: An Encyclopedia

Front Cover
Oxford University Press, 2005 - Social Science - 701 pages
2 Reviews
Emphasizing an interdisciplinary and international coverage of the functions and effects of science and technology in society and culture, Science, Technology, and Society contains over 130 A to Z signed articles written by major scholars and experts from academic and scientific institutions and institutes worldwide. Each article is accompanied by a selected bibliography. Other features include extensive cross referencing throughout, a directory of contributors, and an extensive topical index.
 

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Contents

AbortionAntiAbortion Conflict
1
Agricultural Sciences
2
Agriculture and Technology
8
AIDS and Society
13
Artificial Intelligence
15
Atomic Age The
18
Automobile The
19
Bioengineering
23
Medical Community The
288
Medical Profession
307
Medical Technologies
311
Medical Values and Ethics
318
Medicine Scientific
323
Metrics of Science
327
Military The and Technology
332
Misconduct Scientific
338

Biological Terrorism
28
Biomedical Technologies
30
Biotechnology
34
Male Contraception
40
Brain and Mind Sciences
43
Chemical and Biological Sciences
49
Clones and Cloning
54
Communication in the Scientific Community
55
Community and Technology
61
Complementary and Alternative Medicine
67
Computers
73
Culture and Science
76
Diseases Emerging
81
Drugs and Society
84
Economy The and Science
87
Economy The and Technology
93
Education and Science
98
Education in the Sciences
105
Education Philosophy and Science of
112
Energy Systems
119
Engineering Cultures
124
Epistemic Cultures
130
Family The and Science
135
Gender and Globalization
141
Gender Race and Class in Science
146
Gender Race and Class in Technology
151
Genetics and Genetic Engineering
156
Genetics and Society
162
Government and Science
164
Government and Technology
170
Grassroots Science
175
Health Care Access to
183
History of Science
188
Human Subjects in Medical Experiments
195
Humanities and Science
201
Humanities and Technology
206
Indigenous Knowledge
213
Information Technology
219
Institutional Relations in Science
223
Internet The
225
Invention in History and Culture
230
Overview
236
Knowledge Construction
249
Law and Science
255
Law and Technology
260
Mathematics and Logic
267
Media and Medicine
272
Media and Science
278
Media and Technology
283
Museums
343
Nature Concepts of
351
Networks and LargeScale Technological Systems
357
Pain and Culture
363
Patients Medical Communication with
368
Patients Rights
374
Perspectives on Medicine and Society
379
Perspectives on Technology and Society
387
Pharmaceutical Anthropology
395
Physics and Astronomy
396
Political Economy of Health
401
Politics Social Justice and the Environment
406
Professional Responsibilities in Medical Research
407
Professional Responsibilities in Scientific and Engineering Research
414
Professions Occupations and Technical Roles in the Scientific Community
420
Psychological Study of Science and Technology
424
Public Understanding of Science
430
Public Understanding of Technology
436
Rain Forests
443
Religion and Science
444
Religion and Technology
449
Replication
456
Representation and Science
458
Representation and Technology
463
Risk
474
Robots and Society
476
Psychology of Science
478
Science and Technology in the Age of Uncertainty
481
Science in History
484
Science Policy Development of
543
Scientific Community
550
Sex and the Body in Science
562
Sex and the Body in Technology
568
Social Sciences
574
Social Studies of Science
580
Sociology of Philosophy
588
Sociology of Upper Limits
589
Technological Systems
591
Technology in Culture
593
Global Perspective
595
Telephone The
635
Transportation Technologies
641
Tuskegee Project The
646
Women and Minorities in the Scientific Community
649
Topical Outline of Articles
657
List of Contributors
661
Index
665
Copyright

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About the author (2005)


Sal Restivo is Professor, Department of Science and Technology Studies at Renssalear Polytechnic Institute and President Emeritus of the Society for Social Studies of Science. His previous works include Comparative Studies in Science and Society (ed; 1974); The Social Relations of Physics, Mysticism, and Mathematics: Studies in Social Structure, Interests, and Ideas (1983); The Sociological Worldview (1991); Science, Society, and Values: Toward a Sociology of Objectivity (1994); Degrees of Compromise: Industrial Interests and Academic Values (2001).

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