Artisans in the North Carolina Backcountry

Front Cover
University Press of Kentucky, Jul 15, 2014 - Art - 224 pages

During the quarter of a century before the thirteen colonies became a nation, the northwest quadrant of North Carolina had just begun to attract permanent settlers. This seemingly primitive area may not appear to be a likely source for attractive pottery and ornate silverware and furniture, much less for an audience to appreciate these refinements. Yet such crafts were not confined to urban centers, and artisans, like other colonists, were striving to create better lives for themselves as well as to practice their trades. As Johanna Miller Lewis shows in this pivotal study of colonial history and material culture, the growing population of Rowan County required not only blacksmiths, saddlers, and tanners but also a great variety of skilled craftsmen to help raise the standard of living.

Rowan County's rapid expansion was in part the result of the planned settlements of the Moravian Church. Because the Moravians maintained careful records, historians have previously credited church artisans with greater skill and more economic awareness than non-church craftsmen. Through meticulous attention to court and private records, deeds, wills, and other sources, Lewis reveals the Moravian failure to keep up with the pace of development occurring elsewhere in the county.

Challenging the traditional belief that southern backcountry life was primitive, Lewis shows that many artisans held public office and wielded power in the public sphere. She also examines women weavers and spinsters as an integral part of the population. All artisans -- Moravian and non-Moravian, male and female -- helped the local market economy expand to include coastal and trans-Atlantic trade.

Lewis's book contributes meaningfully to the debate over self-sufficiency and capitalism in rural America.

 

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Contents

Introduction
1
1 Artisans and the Backcountry
5
2 The Early History and Settlement of Rowan County
17
3 The Development of Rowan County 17531759
34
4 The Commercial Development of Rowan County 17591770
58
Illustrations follow page
77
5 Moravian Artisans on the Wachovia Tract 17591770
77
6 Women Artisans in Rowan County
94
Appendix B Edward Hughess Last Meeting with the Moravians
141
Appendix C Definitions of Craftsmen and Terms
142
Appendix D Moravian Artisans on the Wachovia Tract 17531770
144
Appendix E Rowan County Artisans 17531770
146
Appendix F Road Building in Rowan Count 17531770
153
Appendix G Court Account of Robert Johnston and His Cow
154
Notes
155
Bibliography
178

7 Artisans the Regulator Crisis and Politics in Rowan County
113
Appendix A Andrew Kremsers Indenture
139

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About the author (2014)

Johanna Miller Lewis is assistant professor of history and assistant coordinator of the public history program at the University of Arkansas at Little Rock.

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